By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 12 History Notes Chapter 5 India: Social and Religious Reforms students can recall all the concepts quickly.
Maharashtra State Board Class 12 History Notes Chapter 5 India: Social and Religious Reforms
→ The contribution of Indian social reformers in bringing about change in various aspects of human life especially in the social and educational fields is significant. The social reformers who studied under the new educational system introduced by the British were responsible for this transformation. They brought about social and religious reforms through various socio-religious movements. The efforts of Raja Ram Mohan Roy were the beginning point of these movements.
→ The progress of Indian society was stunted because of superstitions, orthodox way of life, caste discrimination, false social notions, lack of curiosity and rationality that prevailed on a large scale. Progressive values of ‘Freedom, Equality, Fraternity and Humanism’ were adopted to create mass awareness on various social and religious issues.
→ Several religious and social reform organisations came to be established in India. Some of them were the Prarthana Samaj, Satyashodhak Samaj, Arya Samaj to name a few.
→ Social reformers like Sir Sayyad Ahmad Khan, Tarabai Shinde, Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde and many others worked for the upliftment of their own communities.
→ The rulers of princely states too were not far behind. For e.g., Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad and Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj.
→ As far as social reforms in Maharashtra are concerned, the list of people who devoted their lives for it is quite extensive. But a few prominent names are worth mentioning for e.g., Karmveer Bhaurao Patil, Punjabrao Deshmukh, Maharshi Dhondo Keshav Karve, Godavari Parulekar, Tarabai Modak and Anutai Wagh.
→ Abolish – Formally put an end to (a system. practice or institution)
→ Mundane – Ordinary
→ Periyar – Great Soul
→ Satyagraha – Holding onto truth
→ Reformer – Improver, activist
→ Emancipation – Liberation,
→ freedom Propogation – To preach.