By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Sociology Notes Chapter 7 Social Stratification students can recall all the concepts quickly.
Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Sociology Notes Chapter 7 Social Stratification
→ Social stratification uses the division of society into strata based on social position or class.
→ Sociologists use the concept of social stratification to refer to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.
→ One has to distinguish between social differentiation or division and social stratification.
→ Social differentiation involves the formation of horizontal social divisions whereas social stratification involves vertical ranking of social strata.
Characteristics of Social Stratification:
- It is social
- Persists over generations
- Universal but variable
- Involves inequality
Type of Social Stratification:
- Closed Stratification
- Open Stratification
- Segmental division of society
- Restriction on feeding and social intercourse
- Differential Civil and religious privileges and disabilities
- Lack of unrestricted choice of occupation
- Wealth and Income
- Refers to the unequal distribution of wealth power and privilege between two sexes.
- Refers to change in the position of an individual or a group of individuals from one status to another.
Types of Social Mobility:
- Horizontal Mobility
- Vertical Mobility
- intergenerational Mobility
- Intragenerational Mobility