By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities students can recall all the concepts quickly.

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities

→ Natural resources are obtained by primary activities; secondary activities are dependent on products obtained from primary activities. Activities that act as links between primary and secondary are known as tertiary activities.

→ Tertiary activities are mainly service-providing activities. Therefore, it is called the service sector.

→ Buying and selling of goods, transport, and communication, loading and unloading, credit facilities, marketing, import-export, etc., are tertiary activities.

→ The distribution of service activities is dependent on the number of geographical factors like climate, topography, nearness to the sea, or continental location, which affects tertiary activities.

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities 

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities  1

Trade and Commerce

→ Trade refers to the voluntary exchange of goods and services, where two or more parties are involved.

→ Bilateral or multilateral trades are major types of international trade. International trade takes place because of specialisation in production and differences in human resources.

→ International trade takes place only if it is mutually beneficial to trading partners (countries) and when it is a comparative advantage for both.

→ There are various geographical factors that affect trade. These are, differences in natural resources, climate, population factors, culture, economic cost and specialisation.

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities 

Transportation

→ Transportation is a service or facility through which passengers, freight and industrial products are carried from one place to another.

→ Transportation is a very important tertiary activity in the development of trade.

→ Means of transportation are essential components of transport systems wherein, each mode has its own requirements and features.

Communication

→ Different means of communication are used to express one’s thoughts and making it reach the other.

→ Communication is being depicted through pictures, symbols, verbal communication using signs, body language, postures, etc.

This is the era of information. Therefore, telephones, mobiles, internet, etc., are used to communicate.

→ These means of communication are largely used for regional development. Each country is trying to stay updated with information. Hence, technology in communication has increased manifold.

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities 

Other services

→ Tourism is an important tertiary economic activity. The population employed in tourism is increasing.

→ The climate, natural beauty of the region, availability of land and sea adventure sports are major contributors to the country’s GDP.

→ The geographical factors like the site and situation of a place, climate, relief, altitude, biodiversity, accessibility, availability of water plays an important role in the growth of tourism.

→ However, transportation facilities, lodging and boarding facilities, cultural diversity, government policies and political conditions are human factors affecting the development of tourism.

Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities  2
Maharashtra State Board Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Tertiary Economic Activities 3

→ Considering tertiary economic activities, the services included in this sector are varied in nature. Therefore, these are categorized into quaternary (fourth) and quinary (fifth) activities.

→ Quaternary activities refer to think, research, and develop ideas whereas quinary activities involve work related to administrative character.

→ The difference between the two types is that the people involved in quinary activities are involved in the highest level of decision-making or policy-making.

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