Balbharati Maharashtra State Board 11th Commerce Maths Solution Book Pdf Chapter 2 Measures of Dispersion Miscellaneous Exercise 2 Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board 11th Commerce Maths Solutions Chapter 2 Measures of Dispersion Miscellaneous Exercise 2

Question 1.
Find the range for the following data.
116, 124, 164, 150, 149, 114, 195, 128, 138, 203, 144
Solution:
Here, largest value (L) = 203, smallest value (S) = 114
∴ Range = L – S
= 203 – 114
= 89

Question 2.
Given below the frequency distribution of weekly w ages of 400 workers. Find the range. Solution:
Here, largest value (L) = 40, smallest value (S) = 10
∴ Range = L – S
= 40 – 10
= 30 Question 3.
Find the range of the following data. Solution:
Here, upper limit of the highest class (L) = 175, lower limit of the lowest class (S) = 115
∴ Range = L – S
= 175 – 115
= 60

Question 4.
The city traffic police issued challans for not observing the traffic rules: Find Q.D.
Solution:
The given data can be arranged in ascending order as follows:
24, 36, 40, 58, 62, 80
Here, n = 6
Q1 = value of $$\left(\frac{n+1}{4}\right)^{\text {th }}$$ observation
= value of $$\left(\frac{6+1}{4}\right)^{\text {th }}$$ observation
= value of (1.75)th observation
= value of 1st observation + 0.75(value of 2nd observation – value of 1st observation)
= 24 + 0.75(36 – 24)
= 24 + 0.75(12)
= 24 + 9
∴ Q1 = 33
Q3 = value of 3$$\left(\frac{n+1}{4}\right)^{\text {th }}$$ observation
= value of 3$$\left(\frac{6+1}{4}\right)^{\text {th }}$$ observation
= value of (3 × 1.75)th observation
= value of (5.25)th observation
= value of 5th observation + 0.25(value of 6th observation – value of 5th observation)
= 62 + 0.25(80 – 62)
= 62 + 0.25(18)
= 62 + 4.5
= 66.5
∴ Q.D. = $$\frac{Q_{3}-Q_{1}}{2}=\frac{66.5-33}{2}=\frac{33.5}{2}$$ = 16.75 Question 5.
Calculate Q.D. from the following data. Solution:
We construct the less than cumulative frequency table as follows: Here, N = 35
Q1 class = class containing $$\left(\frac{N}{4}\right)^{\text {th }}$$ observation
∴ $$\frac{\mathrm{N}}{4}=\frac{35}{4}$$ = 8.75
Cumulative frequency which is just greater than (or equal to) 8.75 is 15.
∴ Q1 lies in the class 20-30.
∴ L = 20, c.f. = 8, f = 7, h = 10 Question 6.
Calculate the appropriate measure of dispersion for the following data. Solution:
Since open-ended classes are given, the appropriate measure of dispersion that we can compute is the quartile deviation.
We construct the less than cumulative frequency table as follows: Here N = 250
Q1 class class containing $$\left(\frac{N}{4}\right)^{t h}$$ observation
∴ $$\frac{\mathrm{N}}{4}=\frac{250}{4}$$ = 62.5
Cumulative frequency which is just greater than (or equal to) 62.5 is 65.
∴ Q1 lies in the class 35-40.
∴ L = 35, c.f. = 15, f = 50, h = 5 The cumulative frequency which is just greater than (or equal to) 187.5 is 190.
∴ Q3 lies in the class 45-50.
∴ L = 45, c.f. = 150, f = 40, h = 5 Question 7.
Calculate Q.D. of the following data. Solution:
We construct the less than cumulative frequency table as follows: Here, N = 120
Q1 class = class containing $$\left(\frac{\mathrm{N}}{4}\right)^{\mathrm{th}}$$ observation
∴ $$\frac{\mathrm{N}}{4}=\frac{120}{4}$$ = 30
Cumulative frequency which is just greater than (or equal to) 30 is 35.
∴ Q1 lies in the class 4-6.
∴ L = 4, c.f. = 15, f = 20, h = 2 Cumulative frequency which is just greater than (or equal to) 90 is 90.
∴ Q3 lies in the class 10-12.
∴ L = 10, c.f. = 72, f = 18, h = 2 Question 8.
Find variance and S.D. for the following set of numbers.
25, 21, 23, 29, 27, 22, 28, 23, 27, 25 (Given √6.6 = 2.57)
Solution:
We prepare the following table for the calculation of variance and S.D.:  Question 9.
Following data gives no. of goals scored by a team in 90 matches. Compute the variance and standard deviation for the above data.
Solution:
We prepare the following table for the calculation of variance and S.D: Question 10.
Compute the arithmetic mean and S.D. and C.V. (Given √296 = 17.20) Solution:
We prepare the following table for calculation of arithmetic mean and S.D.: Question 11.
The mean and S.D. of 200 items are found to be 60 and 20 respectively. At the time of calculation, two items were wrongly taken as 3 and 67 instead of 13 and 17. Find the correct mean and variance.
Solution:
Here, n = 200, $$\bar{x}$$ = Mean = 60, S.D. = 20
Wrongly taken items are 3 and 67.
Correct items are 13 and 17.
Now, $$\bar{x}$$ = 60 Correct value of $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}=\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}$$ (sum of wrongly taken items) + (sum of correct items)
= 12000 – (3 + 67) + (13 + 17)
= 12000 – 70 + 30
= 11960
Correct value of mean = $$\frac{1}{n}$$ × correct value of $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}$$
= $$\frac{1}{200}$$ × 11960
= 59.8
Now, S.D. = 20
Variance = (S.D.)2 = 202
∴ Variance = 400
∴ $$\frac{1}{\mathrm{n}} \sum_{\mathrm{i}=1}^{\mathrm{n}} x_{\mathrm{i}}^{2}-(\bar{x})^{2}=400$$ Correct value of $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}^{2}$$
= $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}^{2}$$ – (Sum of squares of wrongly taken items) + (Sum of squares of correct items)
= 800000 – (32 + 672) + (132 + 172)
= 800000 – (9 + 4489) + (169 + 289)
= 800000 – 4498 + 458
= 795960
∴ Correct value of Variance = ($$\frac{1}{n}$$ × $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}^{2}$$) – (correct value of $$\bar{x}$$)2
= $$\frac{1}{200}$$ × 795960 – (59.8)2
= 3979.8 – 3576.04
= 403.76
∴ The correct mean is 59.8 and correct variance is 403.76. Question 12.
The mean and S.D. of a group of 48 observations are 40 and 8 respectively. If two more observations 60 and 65 are added to the set, find the mean and S.D. of 50 items.
Solution: Question 13.
The mean height of 200 students is 65 inches. The mean heights of boys and girls are 70 inches and 62 inches respectively and the standard deviations are 8 and 10 respectively. Find the number of boys and combined S.D.
Solution:
Let n1 and n2 be the number of boys and girls respectively.
Let n = 200, $$\bar{x}_{\mathrm{c}}$$ = 65, $$\bar{x}_{1}$$ = 70, $$\bar{x}_{1}$$ = 62, σ1 = 8, σ2 = 10
Here, n1 + n2 = n
∴ n1 + n2 = 200 …….(i)
Combined mean is given by ∴ 70n1 + 62n2 = 13000
∴ 35n1 + 31n2 = 6500 ……..(ii)
Solving (i) and (ii), we get
n1 = 75, n2 = 125
Combined standard deviation is given by, Question 14.
From the following data available for 5 pairs of observations of two variables x and y, obtain the combined S.D. for all 10 observations,
where $$\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}=30, \sum_{i=1}^{n} y_{i}=40, \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}^{2}=225, \sum_{i=1}^{n} y_{i}^{2}=340$$
Solution:  Question 15.
The mean and standard deviations of two brands of watches are given below: Calculate the coefficient of variation of the two brands and interpret the results.
Solution: Since C.V. (I) > C.V. (II)
∴ the brand I is more variable. Question 16.
Calculate the coefficient of variation for the data given below. [Given √3.3 = 1.8166] Solution: 