Balbharati Maharashtra State Board 12th Commerce Maths Solution Book Pdf Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic Ex 1.1 Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board 12th Commerce Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Mathematical Logic Ex 1.1

State which of the following sentences are statements. Justify your answer. In case of statements, write down the truth value:

Question (i).
A triangle has ‘ n’ sides.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is ‘F’.

Question (ii).
The sum of interior angles of a triangle is 180°.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (iii).
You are amazing!
Solution:
It is an exclamatory sentence, hence it is not a statement.

Question (iv).
Solution:
It is an imperative sentence, hence it is not a statement. Question (v).
√-4 is an irrational number.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is ‘F’.

Question (vi).
x2 – 6x + 8 = 0 implies x = -4 or x = -2.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is ‘F’.

Question (vii).
He is an actor.
Solution:
It is an open sentence, hence it is not a statement.

Question (viii).
Did you eat lunch yet?
Solution:
It is an interrogative sentence, hence it is not a statement.

Question (ix).
Have a cup of cappuccino.
Solution:
It is an imperative sentence, hence it is not a statement. Question (x).
(x + y)2 = x2 + 2xy + y2 for all x, y ∈ R.
Solution:
It is a mathematical identity that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xi).
Every real number is a complex number.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T.

Question (xii).
1 is a prime number.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is ‘F’.

Question (xiii).
With the sunset, the day ends.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xiv).
1! = 0.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is

Question (xv).
3 + 5 > 11.
Solution:
It is a statement that is false, hence its truth value is ‘F’.

Question (xvi).
The number π is an irrational number.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’. Question (xvii).
x2 – y2 = (x + y)(x – y) for all x, y ∈ R.
Solution:
It is a mathematical identity that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xviii).
The number 2 is only even a prime number.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xix).
Two coplanar lines are either parallel or intersecting.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xx).
The number of arrangements of 7 girls in a row for a photograph is 7!
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xxi).
Give me a compass box.
Solution:
It is an imperative sentence, hence it is not a statement.

Question (xxii).
Bring the motor car here.
Solution:
It is an imperative sentence, hence it is not a statement. Question (xxiii).
It may rain today.
Solution:
It is an open sentence, hence it is not a statement.

Question (xxiv).
If a + b < 7, where a ≥ 0 and b ≥ 0, then a < 7 and b < 7.
Solution:
It is a statement that is true, hence its truth value is ‘T’.

Question (xxv).
Can you speak English?
Solution:
It is an interrogative sentence, hence it is not a statement.