By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 1 Story of Psychology students can recall all the concepts quickly.
Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 1 Story of Psychology
- Human behaviour is full of diversity.
- Psychology studies different forms of emotions, behaviour and moods of human beings.
History of Psychology:
- Psychology is a vast field studying behavioural aspects of mankind.
- The word Psychology is derived from Greek words Psyche and Logos.
- Plato believed that knowledge is innate.
- John Locke thought that each child is born as an ‘empty slate’.
- Wilhelm Wundt introduced the term ‘conscious experience’ and established first Psychological laboratory.
- Dr. Sigmund Freud defined Psychology as the study of the unconscious.
- Latest definition of Psychology is ‘The study of human behaviour and mental processes.
Study of behaviour:
- John B. Watson redefined Psychology as a Science of human behaviour.
- John B. Watson developed the S-O-R Model.
Study of Cognition:
- During 1950-1960s, focus of Psychology shifted to cognitive processes.
- Cognitive Psychology is the study of processes like perception, thinking, memory and other higher-order activities.
Psychology in India:
During 1916 to 1989 there was Professional development of Psychology in India.
Psychology: Indian Perspective:
- Upanishads: Explain the self and personality structure with the help of kosha.
- Five Koshas: Annamaya kosha, Pranmaya kosha, Manomaya kosha, Vidnyanmaya kosha and Anandmaya kosha.
- Ayurveda has given 3 types of Doshas and Gunas.
- Three Doshas known as Kapha, Vata and Pitta determine Prakruti (characteristics) of human beings.
- Three types of Gunas: Sattva Guna, Rajas Guna, Tamas Guna explain human temperament.
- Sage Patanjali explained a deep thought about Psychology in ‘Yogsutra’ and developed the
theory of ‘Ashtangyoga’.
- Eight aspects of Ashtangyoga are Yama, Niyama, Aasana, Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharana, Dhyan and Samadhi.
Goals of Psychology:
The four main goals of Psychology are:
- Describe: What is happening?
- Explanation: Why it is happening?
- Prediction: What will happen next?
- Control: How can it be changed?