By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 3 Self students can recall all the concepts quickly.
Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 3 Self
- All of us are part of thiš world. We play many roles in our lives.
- Self-concept is defined as the totality of perceptions each person has of themselves.
- According to Symonds, self-concept is the way an individual reacts to himself.
- Our self-concept continues to change throughout our life span.
Dimensions of self-concept:
- Rentsch and Heffener are conducted research on the dimensions of self-concept.
- Their research showed that the overall organization of self-concept is common for all.
- They found eight categories by which participants defined themselves.
Self and life cycle:
- On average, till the age of six months, the child Is unaware of himself.
- As the child grows, he realizes that he is different from the rést of the world.
- Generally, face recognition with a mirror occurs at the average age of one and half years.
- By the age of two, the child becomes aware of general expectations.
- By the age of three, children start recognizing themselves and others as boys or girls.
- When schooling starts, a child begins to compare himself with others.
- The final unfolding of self-concept during adolescence involves perspective-taking.
Gender Identity and gender role:
- Gender role and gender identity are important aspects of self-concept.
- Gender identity is the perception of oneself as male or female.
- Gender role is psycho-social in nature and is determined through social interactions.
- Gender identity is a biological aspect while gender role is an acquired attribute of self-concept.
Aspects of self:
- Four major aspects of self are self-awareness, self-image, self-efficacy and self-esteem.
- Self-awareness is the quality or trait that involves conscious awareness of one’s thoughts, feelings, behaviours and traits.
- Self-image is a personal view or mental picture that we have of ourselves. Body image is also a part of self-image.
- Self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his ability to accomplish some specific goal or a task.
- Self-esteem is our overall evaluation of our worth as a person based on all positive and negative self-perceptions.
- Self-regulation is being able to control our own thoughts, feelings, and actions.
- When one engages in self-regulation, he avoids impulsive reactions.
- Self-regulation also involves focusing on certain parts of life.
- Higgins showed that people either have promotion or prevention regulatory focus.
- Self-regulation has crucial implications in our life.
Carl Rogers’ theory of self:
- According to Carl Rogers, every individual has a tendency to actualize himself.
- People who achieve self-actualization are well-balanced, well-adjusted, and interesting.
- Two important concepts related to Roger’s theory are the real self and ideal self.
- The real self is what we actually are while ¡deal self is what we want to be.
- High congruence between the real self and ideal self leads to a healthy productive life.