By going through these Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 5 Healthy Me – Normal Me students can recall all the concepts quickly.

Maharashtra State Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 5 Healthy Me – Normal Me


  • Life’s success depends on mental and emotional well-being.
  • Hence, EQ is also as important as IQ.
  • Normal behaviour: Well-adjusted individuals
  • Abnormal behaviour: Mal-adjusted individuals

Criteria of well-adjusted individuals:

  • Realistic perception of self and world: Knowing own strengths and weaknesses and accepting the world as it is.
  • Openness to new experiences: Being comfortable towards changes and unknown people.
  • High emotional intelligence: Appropriate understanding and management of emotions.
  • Healthy relationships: Being able to honour differences, help others and make them feel special.
  • High self-esteem: Feeling important, worthy and valuable about oneself.
  • It’s rare for a person to possess all the criteria of a well-adjusted individual.
  • Also, well-adjusted individuals can face discomfort in certain situations.

Maharashtra Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 5 Healthy Me - Normal Me

Components of emotional intelligence:

  • Self-awareness: Being aware of one’s emotions, desires, motivations and actions.
  • Self-regulation: Controlling emotions and restraining inappropriate actions.
  • Self-motivation: Pushing oneself towards a goal without any external reward.


  1. Social skills: Ability to comfortably interact with others.
  2. Empathy: Ability to put yourself in other’s shoes and understand their pain.

Important aspects of healthy relationships:

  1. Being honest
  2. Being fair
  3. Being respectful
  4. Being non-threatening
  5. Being a responsible parent
  6. Having shared responsibilities
  7. Having economic partnership
  8. Having trust and support.

The vicious cycle of low self-esteem:

  1. Low self-esteem → Negative thoughts →High anxiety → Poor Performance → Failure → Self-blame → Low self-esteem.
  2. High self-esteem builds confidence and leads to healthy social interactions and further boosts self-esteem.

Criteria of abnormal Behaviour:

  • Deviance: Behaviour going against the laws or set social and statistical standards.
  • Personal distress: Feeling very low or depressed on continuous basis.
  • Failure to perform functions normally: Day-to-day functioning getting impaired.
  • The behaviour can’t be judged on the basis of only one criterion.

Maharashtra Board Class 11 Psychology Notes Chapter 5 Healthy Me - Normal Me

Perspectives on abnormal behaviour:

  1. Biological: Abnormal behaviour is due to a chemical imbalance or physiological factors.
  2. Socio-cultural: Abnormal behaviour is learned within the social context.
  3. Behavioural: Abnormal behaviour is due to ineffective learning and conditioning.
  4. Evolutionary: Abnormal behaviour is an exaggerated form of adaptive action.
  5. Humanistic: Abnormal behaviour arises from blocked personal growth.
  6. Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic: Abnormal behaviour is due to unconscious and unresolved conflicts.
  7. Cognitive: Abnormal behaviour arises due to false assumptions and faulty thinking.

Two models that explain the causes of abnormal behaviour:
Stress-Diathesis model:

  • Disorder = Nature (Biological and genetic factors) + Nurture (Life experiences) of abnormal
  • Those who are genetically predisposed towards a particular disorder are more likely behaviour to show abnormal behaviour when exposed to environmental stress.

Biopsychosocial model:

  • Abnormal behaviour = Biological factors + Psychological factors + Sociocultural factors
  • Those who are genetically predisposed towards a particular disorder develop abnormalities if exposed to a disturbing and hostile environment, If exposed to nurturing and protective environment, there are fewer chances.

Challenges faced by adolescents:

  • Lack of self-confidence: Not feeling positive about oneself.
  • Sexual orientation: Recognising and understanding their sexual preferences.
  • Gender Identity: Recognising and identifying if their gender corresponds with their birth sex.
  • Bullying: Outside of their protective homes, chances of being bullied.