Balbharti Maharashtra Board Class 5 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Fractions Problem Set 20 Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board Class 5 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Fractions Problem Set 20

Question 1.

Add the following

\(\text { (1) } \frac{1}{5}+\frac{3}{5}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{1}{5}+\frac{3}{5}=\frac{1+3}{5}=\frac{4}{5}\)

\(\text { (2) } \frac{2}{7}+\frac{4}{7}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{2}{7}+\frac{4}{7}=\frac{2+4}{7}=\frac{6}{7}\)

\(\text { (3) } \frac{7}{12}+\frac{2}{12}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{7}{12}+\frac{2}{12}=\frac{7+2}{12}=\frac{9}{12}\)

\(\text { (4) } \frac{2}{9}+\frac{7}{9}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{2}{9}+\frac{7}{9}=\frac{2+7}{9}=\frac{9}{9}=1\)

\(\text { (5) } \frac{3}{15}+\frac{4}{15}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{3}{15}+\frac{4}{15}=\frac{3+4}{15}=\frac{7}{15}\)

\(\text { (6) } \frac{2}{7}+\frac{1}{7}+\frac{3}{7}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{2}{7}+\frac{1}{7}+\frac{3}{7}=\frac{2+1+3}{7}=\frac{6}{7}\)

\(\text { (7) } \frac{2}{10}+\frac{4}{10}+\frac{3}{10}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{2}{10}+\frac{4}{10}+\frac{3}{10}=\frac{2+4+3}{10}=\frac{9}{10}\)

\(\text { (8) } \frac{4}{9}+\frac{1}{9}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{4}{9}+\frac{1}{9}=\frac{4+1}{9}=\frac{5}{9}\)

\(\text { (9) } \frac{5}{8}+\frac{3}{8}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{5}{8}+\frac{3}{8}=\frac{5+3}{8}=\frac{8}{8}=1\)

Question 2.

Mother gave \(\frac{3}{8}\) of one guava to Meena and \(\frac{2}{8}\) of the guava to Geeta. What part of the guava did she give them altogether?

Solution:

\(\frac{3}{8}+\frac{2}{8}=\frac{3+2}{8}=\frac{5}{8}\) given altogether

Answer:

\(\frac{5}{8}\) part of guava given altogether

Question 3.

The girls of Std V cleaned \(\frac{3}{4}\) of a field while the boys cleaned \(\frac{1}{4}\). What part of the field was cleaned altogether?

Solution:

Girls cleaned + Boys cleaned

\(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{4}=\frac{3+1}{4}=\frac{4}{4}=1\)

Answer:

Full whole field cleaned altogether.

Subtraction of like fractions

A figure is divided into 5 equal parts and 4 of them are colored. That is, \(\frac{4}{5}\) part of the figure is coloured.

Now, we remove the colour from one of the coloured parts. That is, we subtract \(\frac{1}{5}\) from \(\frac{4}{5}\). The remaining coloured part is \(\frac{3}{5}\). Therefore, \(\frac{4}{5}\) – \(\frac{1}{5}\) = \(\frac{4-1}{5}\) = \(\frac{3}{5}\).

When subtracting a fraction from another like fraction, we write the difference between the numerators in the numerator and the common denominator in the denominator.

Example (1) Subtract : \(\frac{7}{13}\) – \(\frac{5}{13}\)

These two fractions have a common denominator. So, we shall subtract the second numerator from the first and write the denominator as it is.

\(\frac{7}{13}-\frac{5}{13}=\frac{7-5}{13}=\frac{2}{13}\)

Example (2) If Raju got \(\frac{5}{12}\) part of a sugarcane and Sanju got \(\frac{3}{12}\) part, how much was the extra part that Raju got?

To find out the difference, we must subtract.

\(\frac{5}{12}-\frac{3}{12}=\frac{5-3}{12}=\frac{2}{12}\). Thus, Raju got \(\frac{2}{12}\) extra.

**Addition and Subtraction Problem Set 13 Additional Important Questions and Answers**

\(\text { (1) } \frac{3}{6}+\frac{2}{6}+\frac{1}{6}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{3}{6}+\frac{2}{6}+\frac{1}{6}=\frac{3+2+1}{6}=\frac{6}{6}=1\)

\(\text { (2) } \frac{4}{10}+\frac{1}{10}+\frac{3}{10}+\frac{2}{10}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{4}{10}+\frac{1}{10}+\frac{3}{10}+\frac{2}{10}=\frac{4+1+3+2}{10}=\frac{10}{10}=1\)

\(\text { (3) } \frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\)

Answer:

\(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1+1}{2}=\frac{2}{2}=1\)

Solve the following word problems:

Question 1.

of journey travelled by A and of journey travelled by B. What part of the journey travelled by both field was cleaned altogether?

Solution:

Travelled by A + Travelled by B

\(\frac{3}{5}+\frac{2}{5}=\frac{3+2}{5}=\frac{5}{5}=1\)

Answer:

Full (whole) journey travelled by both.