Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Sulabhbharati Chapter 6 अंधायुग Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

Hindi Sulabhbharti Class 8 Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग Textbook Questions and Answers

सूचना के अनुसार कृतियाँ करो:

कृति करो:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 2
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 7

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

संजाल पूर्ण करो:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 4
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 8

उत्तर लिखो:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 3
Answer:

कविता में प्रयुक्त पात्र:

  1. युयुत्सु
  2. अश्वत्थामा
  3. वृद्ध

भाषा बिंद

पाठों में आए मुहावरों का अर्थ लिखकर उनका अपने स्वतंत्र वाक्यों में प्रयोग करो:
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 9
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 10
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 11

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

पढ़ो और समझो:

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 5

स्वयं अध्ययन

‘कर्म ही पूजा है’, विषय पर अपने विचार सौ शब्दों में लिखो।

उपयोजित लेखन:

निम्नलिखित मुद्दों के आधार पर कहानी लिखकर उसे उचित शीर्षक दो।
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 6
Answer:
एक गाँव – दर्जी की दुकान – प्रतिदिन हाथी का दुकान से ,होकर नदी पर नहाने जाना – दर्जी का हाथी – को केला, खिलाना – एक दिन दर्जी को मजाक सूझना – दर्जी दवारा हाथी को सुई चुभाना- परिणाम – शीर्षक

जैसी करनी, वैसी भरनी

गणेशपुर नामक गाँव में एक किसान के घर एक पालत हाथी रहता था। वह बड़ा चालाक था। उसका नियम था कि प्रतिदिन सबेरे के समय तालाब पर पीने जाता था। उस रास्ते में एक दर्जी की दुकान पड़ती थी। वह रोज उसे खाने के लिए केले देता था। हाथी इस उपकार का बदला चुकाने के लिए तालाब से लौटते समय दर्जी को एक कमल का फूल देता था। इस प्रकार दोनों में गहरी दोस्ती हो गई। एक दिन दर्जी ने मन में सोचा क्यों न आज हाथी के साथ मजाक करूँ।

जब हाथी प्रतिदिन के नियमानुसार केले लेने आया, तो दर्जी ने केला के बदले हाथी की सूंड में सुई चुभा दी। हाथी खून का चूंट पीकर तालाब पर चला गया। रास्ते में मन-ही-मन बदला लेने की युक्ति सोचने लगा। तालाब से लौटते समय वह अपनी सूंड में कीचड़ भर लाया और दर्जी की दुकान में डाल दिया। दुकान में रखे सारे नए कपड़े खराब हो गए। दर्जी अपनी हानि देखकर पछताने लगा। सीख : इस कहानी से हमें यह सीख मिलती है कि जैसा बीज बोओगे, वैसा फल पाओगे।

कल्पना पल्लवन

Question 1.
‘मनुष्य का भविष्य उसके हाथों में है।’ अपने विचार लिखिए।
Answer:
मनुष्य स्वयं अपने भाग्य का निर्माता होता है। वह चाहे तो अच्छे कार्यों द्वारा अपने जीवन को स्वर्ग के जैसा सुंदर बना सकता है और यदि चाहे तो अपने जीवन को नर्क बना सकता है। मनुष्य को जो मानव जन्म मिला है वह बहुत ही दुर्लभ जन्म है। अत: मनुष्य को अपने जीवन में मनुष्यता का पालन करते हुए स्वयं के जीवन को खुशहाल व सफल बनाना चाहिए। मनुष्य अपने जीवन में सद्गुण एवं जीवनमूल्यों को अपनाकर स्वयं का चरित्र उज्ज्व ल बना सकता है। संसार में ऐसे कई महापुरुष हुए हैं जिन्होंने स्वयं के जीवन को अपने कार्य द्वारा महान बनाया है।

विद्यार्थी जीवन में प्रत्येक विद्यार्थी को पढ़ाई में ध्यान लगाना चाहिए और अच्छे संस्कारों को अपनाना और उन पर चलना चाहिए। इससे उनका भविष्य उज्ज्वल हो सकता है। यदि वे बचपन से कुसंगति में फंस गए तो स्वयं के जीवन को नर्क के समान यातना व पीड़ादायी बनाएंगे। यह मनुष्य के ऊपर निर्भर करता है कि वह फूल को चुने या काँटी को।

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

Question 2.
कर्म ही पूजा है। इस विषय पर अपने विचार लिखिए।
Answer:
गीता में लिखा है कि कर्म ही पूजा है। कर्म से बढ़कर व्यक्ति का अन्य कोई धर्म नहीं है। इसलिए कर्म करना मनुष्य का पहला लक्ष्य होना चाहिए। कर्म करने से व्यक्ति को बड़ा आनंद मिलता है। पक्के इरादे से किया गया कर्म ज्यादा सफल होता है। मनुष्य के कर्म को ही संसार में याद किया जाता है। उसकी मृत्यु के उपरांत वह सिर्फ अपने अच्छे कर्मों के कारण याद किया जाता है। इसलिए छात्रों को भी आलस्य त्यागकर अध्ययन का कर्म करते रहना चाहिए। हमें स्वामी विवेकानंद, महात्मा गांधी आदि की तरह जीवन में कर्म करते रहना चाहिए। कर्म सफलता का आधार है। कर्म ही श्रेष्ठ है।

आज संसार में कई ऐसे देश हैं, जो समृद्ध व संपन्न हैं; प्रगत एवं विकसित हैं। वहाँ पर विद्या, धन, बुद्धि व ऐश्वर्य हैं। इसका एक ही कारण है, वह यह है कि वहाँ पर रहने वाले लोगों ने कर्म को ही अपना लक्ष्य मान लिया है। कर्मवीरों के लिए समय बहुत ही महत्त्वपुर्ण होता है। इसलिए वे समय को कभी भी व्यर्थ नहीं गंवाते। जिस काम को जिस समय करना हैं, उसे उसी समय कर देते हैं। उसे कल पर नहीं छोड़ते हैं। जहाँ काम करना हो, वहाँ काम करते हैं, बातों में समय व्यर्थ नहीं करते। आज का काम कल पर नहीं छोड़कर वे अपने दिनों को व्यर्थ नहीं करते। समय का सदुपयोग करना यही उनका कर्तव्य होता है। कोशिश या मेहनत करने से वे कभी-भी जी नहीं चुराते हैं। कर्म करने से ही व्यक्ति के जीवन को सौंदर्य प्राप्त हो जाता है। सबकी भलाई के लिए कर्म करते जीना ही जीवन का सच्चा मूलमंत्र है।

Hindi Sulabhbharti Class 8 Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग Additional Important Questions and Answers

समझकर लिखिए

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 25
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 12

संजाल पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 14
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 20

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

निम्नलिखित पद्यांशों का भावार्थ लिखिए।

Question 1.
युयुत्सु ……………………. मरण के बाद।
Answer:
प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ. धर्मवीर भारती लिखित ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिनाट्य से ली गई हैं। यह प्रसंग उस समय का है जब श्रीकृष्ण की जीवन-यात्रा समाप्त हो गई थी। युयुत्सु अश्वत्थामा से कहता है कि प्रभु की मृत्यु के बाद दूसरों का वध करने वालों को मुक्ति जरूर मिली होगी। उनका उद्धार हो जाएगा, लेकिन अब जो यह अंधा युग आने वाला हैं. इसमें मानव की रक्षा कौन करेगा? आखिर भगवान
कृष्ण ने एक कायर की भाँति मृत्यु को स्वीकार किया है।

Question 2.
अश्वत्थामा मस्तक पर।
Answer:
प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ. धर्मवीर भारती लिखित ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिनाट्य से ली है। अश्वत्थामा युयुत्सु से कहता है, “भगवान श्रीकृष्ण मेरे शत्रु थे। मुझे इस बात का पता नहीं कि उन्होंने कायर की भाँति मृत्यु को स्वीकार किया था या नहीं? लेकिन मृत्यु के समय उनके स्वर्ण मस्तक पर शांति छाई हुई थी।

निम्नलिखित वाक्य सत्य है या असत्य लिखिए।

Question 1.
श्रीकृष्ण ने सभी का दायित्व अपने सिर पर लिया था।
Answer:
सत्य

Question 2.
श्रीकृष्ण ने सभी पर उत्तरदायित्व नहीं सौंपा।
Answer:
असत्य

कविता की पंक्तियाँ पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
अब तक मानव भविष्य को मैं जिलाता था …..
Answer:
लेकिन इस अंधे युग में मेरा एक अंश निष्क्रिय रहेगा, आत्मघाती रहेगा और विगलित रहेगा।

कृति पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 21
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 15

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

समझकर लिखिए।

Question 1.
प्रभु अंत समय इससे बात करे रहे थे।
Answer:
शिकारी से

Question 2.
प्रभु ने अंत समय जो बाते की वह बातें इसने सुनी थी।
Answer:
वृद्ध ने

निम्नलिखित पद्यांशों का भावार्थ लिखिए।

Question 1.
वृद्ध ……………………. उठूगाम बारम्बार……. उलूंगा मैं बार-बार।
Answer:
‘प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ. धर्मवीर भारती के ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिनाट्य से ली गई हैं। वृद्ध ने कहा, “ अंत समय में श्रीकृष्ण ने सभी से कहा कि यह उनका मरण नहीं है बल्कि यह तो शरीर का रूपांतरण है। अब तक उन्होंने सभी की जिम्मेदारी अपने सिर पर ली थी और अब वे सभी को अपनी-अपनी जिम्मेदारी सौंपकर इस संसार से अपने धाम चले जाएंगे। अब तक वे मानव भविष्य को जिलाते रहे, लेकिन आने वाले इस अंधे युग में उनका एक अंश संजय, युयुत्सु व अश्वत्थामा की भाँति निष्क्रिय रहेगा; आत्मघाती रहेगा; पिघला हुआ रहेगा क्योंकि इन सबकी उन्होंने अपने ऊपर जिम्मेदारी ली हैं।

समझकर लिखिए।

Question 1.
प्रभु का दायित्व इसमें स्थित रहेगा।
Answer:
मानव मन के वृत्त में।

Question 2.
प्रभु के दायित्व को आधार बनाकर मानव यह करेगा।
Answer:
नूतन निर्माण करेगा।

संजाल पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 22
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 16

पद्यांश के आधार पर वाक्य पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
मानव पिछले ध्वसों पर………..
Answer:
नूतन निर्माण करेगा।

Question 2.
निर्भयता साहस ममता व रस के क्षण में……..
Answer:
प्रभु बार बार सक्रिय व जीवित हो उठेंगे।

समझकर लिखिए।

Question 1.
श्रीकृष्ण ने अपना दायित्व इन्हें सौंप दिया है
Answer:
पृथ्वी के हर प्राणी को ।

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

कृति ग (३) निम्नलिखित पदयांशों का भावार्थ लिखिए।

Question 1.
बोले ……………………. उलूंगा मैं बार बार।
Answer:
प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ. धर्मवीर भारती के ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिनाट्य से ली गई हैं। प्रभू ने कहा कि अब उनका दायित्व सभी मानव लेंगे। उनका दायित्व मानव मन में स्थित रहेगा। इसके सहारे मानव सभी परिस्थितियों की मर्यादा को तोड़ते हुए अपने पिछले विनाश के स्थान पर नवनिर्माण करेगा। मानव मर्यादायुक्त आचरण का पालन करते हुए हमेशा नया निर्माण करना होगा। सभी को सृजन, साहस, निर्भयता एवं ममत्वपूर्ण व्यवहार करने होंगे। जब ऐसा होगा तब श्रीकृष्ण बार-बार सक्रिय व जीवित हो उठेंगे।

संजाल पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 23
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 17

कविता की पंक्तियाँ पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
उसके इस ………….. सार्थकता पा जाएगा?
Answer:
उसके इस नये अर्थ में क्या हर छोटे-से-छोटा व्यक्ति विकृत, अर्धबर्बर, आत्मघाती, अनास्थामय अपने जीवन की सार्थकता पा जाएगा?

समझकर लिखिए।

Question 1.
इसके हाथ में हैं मानव जीवन
Answer:
मनुष्य के

Question 2.
मनुष्य यदि चाहे तो
Answer:
जीवन को नष्ट करे अथवा जीवन प्रदान करें।

कृति पूर्ण कीजिए।

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 24
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग 18

निम्नलिखित पद्यांशों का भावार्थ लिखिए।

Question 1.
अश्वत्थामा …………. पा जाएग।
Answer:
प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ.धर्मवीर भारती के ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिकाव्य से ली गई हैं। अश्वत्थामा वृद्ध से पूछता है कि जैसे श्रीकृष्ण ने बताया वैसे उनके इस नए अर्थ के अनुसार छोटे से छोटा व्यक्ति क्या अपने जीवन की सार्थकता पाने में सफल सिद्ध हो सकता है? आखिर, भविष्य का मानव विकृत, हिंसक, आत्मघाती व ईश्वर के प्रति अनास्था रखने वाला होगा।

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Hindi Solutions Chapter 6 अंधायुग

Question 2.
वृद्ध ………जीवन लो।
Answer:
प्रस्तुत पंक्तियाँ कवि डॉ. धर्मवीर भारती के ‘अंधायुग’ गीतिकाव्य से ली गई हैं। वृद्ध अश्वत्थामा को इस प्रश्न का उत्तर देते हुए कहता है कि निश्चय ही, मनुष्य भले ही अच्छा रहे या बुरा आखिर मानव जीवन उसी के ही हाथ में है। वह चाहे तो उसे नष्ट कर दे अथवा जीवन प्रदान करें।

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Complete the sentence by selecting the correct option:

Question a.
The earth requires 24 hours for one rotation. In one hour, ……………. .
(a) 5 longitudes will face the sun
(b) 10 longitudes will face the sun
(c) 15 longitudes will face the sun
(d) 20 longitudes will face the sun
Answer:
(c) 15 longitudes will face the sun

Question b.
To calculate the difference between the local times of any two places on the earth, …………. .
(a) the noon time at both the places should be known
(b) the difference in degrees of their longitudes should be known
(c) the difference in standard times of both the places should be known
(d) changes need to be made according to International Date Line.
Answer:
(b) the difference in degrees of their longitudes should be known

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question c.
The difference between the local time of any two consecutive longitudes is …………… .
(a) 15 minutes
(b) 04 minutes
(c) 30 minutes
(d) 60 minutes
Answer:
(b) 04 minutes

2. Give geographical reasons for the following:

Question a.
The local time is decided by the noontime.
Answer:
1. When at a particular place, the sun reaches the maximum height in the sky it is assumed that almost half of the daytime is over and this time is considered 12 noon.

2. The time of a particular place as decided by the overhead position of the sun in the sky is considered as the local time of that place.

3. During the rotation of the earth, when a particular longitude comes exactly in front of the sun, it is considered as noontime (12 noon) on that longitude. This noontime is considered as local time of that longitude.

In this way, the local time is decided by the noontime.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question b.
The local time at Greenwich is considered to be the International Standard Time.
Answer:

  1. The International Standard Time has been decided according to 0° longitude.
  2. 0° longitude passes through Greenwich, England.
  3. For an international coordination, it is essential to bring compatibility between the standard times of various countries in the world.

For this purpose, the local time at Greenwich is considered to be the International Standard Time.

Question c.
The standard time of India has been decided by the local time at 82°30′ E longitude.
Answer:

  1. With respect to the longitudinal extent, 82°30’E longitude passes through the middle of India.
  2. The difference between the local time at 82°30’E longitude and the local time at the extreme east and west longitude passing through India is not more than one hour.

Therefore, the standard time of India has been decided by the local time at 82°30’E longitude.

Question d.
Canada has 6 different standard times.
Answer:

  1. The longitudinal extent of Canada is between 52°37′ W and 141° W.
  2. Thus, the difference between the extreme east and west longitude passing through Canada is of 88 degrees.
  3. The difference between the local time at extreme east and west longitude passing through Canada is of 352 minutes i.e. 5 hours and 52 minutes.

Therefore, it is not practically helpful to consider single standard time in Canada. Therefore, for synchronizing the routine activities in the country, Canada has 6 different standard times.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

3. Answer in brief:

Question a.
If it is 12 noon at 60° E longitude, then explain what would be the time at 30° W longitude.
Answer:
1. The difference between 60° E longitude and 30° W longitude will be of 90 degrees. (The difference of 60 degrees between 0° and 60° E + the difference of 30 degrees between 0° and 30° W = 90 degrees.)

2. Difference in local time = 90 × 4
= 360 minutes.
= 360 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 6 hours.
3. Longitudes lying to the east of any longitude are ahead of the time of that longitude while those lying to the west are behind.
4. Therefore, if it is 12 noon at 60° E longitude, then it would be 6 a.m. at 30° W longitude, (behind by 6 hours)

Question b.
How is the standard time of a place determined?
Answer:
1. The local time at the longitude passing through the middle of a country/ place is generally considered as a standard time of that country/place.

2. If the difference between the local time at the extreme east and west longitude passing through a country is less than one or two hours, one standard time is considered for a country. Thus, there exists only one standard time in a country having comparatively less longitudinal (east-west) extent.

3. If the difference between the local time at the extreme east and west longitude passing through a country is more than one or two hours, more than one standard time zones are considered for a country. Thus, there exists more than one standard time zones in a country having comparatively more longitudinal (east-west) extent.

Question c.
A football match being played at Sao Paulo, Brazil started in India at 6 a.m. IST. Explain what would be the local time at Sao Paulo?
Answer:
1. Statement: For any longitude lying to the west of particular longitude, the local time decreases by 4 minutes for every longitude. (Sao Paulo is located to the west of India)

2. The difference between the longitudes of Sao Paulo and India = 127°30’.

3. Difference in local time = 127.5 × 4
= 510 minutes.
= 510 minutes ÷ 60 minutes
= 8 hours 30 minutes.

4. Thus, if it is 6 a.m. at India, it would be 9.30 p.m. of the previous day at Sao Paulo. Therefore, if a football match being played at Sao Paulo, Brazil started in India at 6 a.m. 1ST, the local time at Sao Paulo would be 9.30 p.m. of previous day.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

4. Complete the following table:

If it is 10 pm on 21st June at Prime Meridian, write the dates and time at A, B and C in the following table:
(Note: The answer is given directly.)

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 1
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 2

5. Write the situation of place A shown in these diagrams in the boxes below them:

Question 1.
Write the situation of place A shown in these diagrams in the boxes below them
(i) Sunrise
(ii) Midnight
(iii) Noon
(iv) Sunset
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 3
Answer:

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 4.1

Let’s recall: 

Question 1.
Why does the duration of day and night keep changing?
Answer:
The duration of day and night keeps changing as the earth is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 2.
How many longitudes can be drawn on a world map keeping an interval of 1° each?
Answer:
360 longitudes can be drawn on a world map keeping an interval of 10 each.

Question 3.
The apparent movement of the sun from east to west is a result of what?
Answer:
The apparent movement of the sun from east to west is a result of the rotation of the earth from west to east.

Question 4.
What is the direction of the rotation of the earth?
Answer:
The direction of the rotation of the earth is from west to east.

Question 5.
While the earth rotates, how many longitudes face the sun daily?
Answer:
While the earth rotates, 360 longitudes face the sun dally.

Question 6.
At which longitude does the date change?
Answer:
The date changes at 1800 longitude.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 7.
How was the time measured in olden days?
Answer:
In olden days, the time was measured with the help of the natural events of sunrise and sunset and the instruments like Ghatikapaatra, sand timer, etc.

Question 8.
In present tunes, what are the instruments used for time measurement?
Answer:
In present times, the instruments like watches, calendars, etc. are used for time measurement.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Activity:

Question 1.
Look for the actual granny’s clock in Shri Acharya Atre’s poem: “Aajiche Ghadyal” (Granny’s clock). Look for this poem on the internet or in reference book.

Question 2.
Find out the velocity of the earth’s rotation in km/hour.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time Additional Important Questions and Answers

Complete the sentence by selecting the correct option:

Question a.
There are …………. time zones in the world.
(a) 360
(b) 24
(c) 100
(d) 365
Answer:
(b) 24

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question b.
Indian Standard Time is …………..
(a) ahead of Greenwich Mean Time by 5 hours 30 minutes
(b) ahead of Greenwich Mean Time by 3 hours 50 minutes
(c) behind Greenwich Mean Time by 5 hours 30 minutes
(d) behind Greenwich Mean Time by 3 hours 50 minutes
Answer:
(a) ahead of Greenwich Mean Time by 5 hours 30 minutes

Examine the following statements and correct the incorrect ones:

Question 1.
Mumbai is located at 73° E longitude.
Answer:
Correct.

Question 2.
In India, three standard times exist.
Answer:
Incorrect.
Correct statement: In India, one standard time exists.

Question 3.
If the difference between two longitudes is of 20 degrees, the difference in their local times will be of four hours.
Answer:
Incorrect.
Correct statement: If the difference between two longitudes is of 20 degrees, the difference in their local times will be of 1 hour and 20 minutes.

Answer the following questions in one sentence each:

Question 1.
Think about it.
Question a.
What is the maximum number of local times that can there be in the world?
Answer:
The maximum number of local times that can be there in the world is 360.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question b.
How many longitudes pass the sun in one hour?
Answer:
15 longitudes pass the sun in one hour.

Question 2.
How much time does the earth take to complete one rotation?
Answer:
The earth takes nearly 24 hours to complete one rotation.

Question 3.
What is meant by the local time of a place?
Answer:
When the sun is directly overhead at a particular place, it is considered as noon at that place and that time is considered as a local time of that place.

Solve the following:

1. Try this:

Question A.
Mashad, a town in Iran, is located on the 60° E longitude. When it is 12 noon at Greenwich, calculate the local time of Mashad town.
Answer:
1. Statement: As we move towards the east of the Prime Meridian, the local time increases by four minutes for every longitude. (Mashad is located to the east of Greenwich.)

2. The difference between the longitudes of Greenwich and Mashad = 60°.

3. Difference in local time
= 60 × 4
= 240 minutes.
= 240 minutes ÷ 60 minutes
= 4 hours. ‘

4. Therefore, when it is noon at Greenwich, it would be 4 p.m. at Mashad. (Ahead of Greenwich Mean Time by 4 hours.)

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question B.
Manaus city in Brazil is located on 60° W longitude. What would be the local time at Manaus when it is 12 noon at Greenwich?
Answer:
1. Statement: As we move towards the west of the Prime Meridian, the local time decrease by four minutes for every longitude. (Manaus is located to the west of Greenwich.)

2. The difference between the longitudes of Greenwich and Manaus = 60°.

3. Difference in local time = 60 × 4
= 240 minutes.
= 240 minutes ÷ 60 minutes
= 4 hours.

4. Therefore, when it is noon at Greenwich, it would be 8 a.m. at Manaus. (Behind Greenwich Mean Time by 4 hours.)

2. Can you tell?

Question A.
Mumbai is located at 73° E longitude. Kolkata is located at 88° E longitude. Find the difference between the longitudes of these two cities.
Answer:
Mumbai is located at 73° E longitude. Kolkata is located at 88° E longitude. Therefore, the difference between the longitudes of these two cities would be of (88 – 73 = 15) 15°.

Question B.
If the local time at Mumbai is 3 p.m. then what would be the local time at Kolkata?
Answer:
1. Statement: For any longitude lying to the east of particular longitude, the local time increases by 4 minutes for every longitude.

2. The difference between the longitudes of Mumbai and Kolkata = 15°.

3. Difference in local time = 15 × 4
= 60 minutes.
= 60 minutes -r- 60 minutes = 1 hour.

4. Kolkata is located to the east of Mumbai. Therefore, if it is 3 p.m. at Mumbai, then it would be 4 p.m. at Kolkata. (ahead by 1 hour)

Answer the following questions in brief:

Question a.
Give brief information about the Indian Standard Time.
Answer:
1. The Indian Standard Time (IST) is calculated on the basis of 82°30’E longitude, passing through Mirzapur, near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.

2. With respect to longitudinal extent, 82°30′ E longitude passes through the middle of India.

3. When the sun is directly overhead on this longitude, it is considered that it is 12 noon at every place in India. Thus, the local time at 82°30’E longitude is considered as the Standard time of India.

4. The difference between the local time at 82°30′ E longitude and the local time at the extreme east and west longitude passing through India is not more than one hour.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question b.
Give brief information about Universal Standard Time.
Answer:
1. As the standard time is essential for synchronizing routine activities in a country with comparatively more j longitudinal extent, the universal standard i time is essential for an international coordinating between the countries in the world.

2. For this purpose, the local time at Greenwich (Greenwich Mean Time) in England is considered to be the International/Universal Standard Time (UST).

3. With reference to GMT, the differences in standard times of various countries in the world are calculated.

4. The Indian Standard Time is ahead of GMT by 5 hours and 30 minutes. For example, if it is 12 noon at Greenwich, then it would be 5.30 p.m. in India.

Give geographical reasons for the following:

Question a.
In the countries with larger area, it is convenient to use one standard time instead of more than one local times.
Answer:
1. In the countries with larger area, much difference between the local times at extreme east and west longitude passing through the countries is found.

2. In such countries, if more than one local times are followed, it could lead to lots of confusion and chaos.

3. For example, if more than one local times are followed, it will become difficult to synchronize the timetable of railways, airways, etc. Therefore, in countries with comparatively larger area, it is convenient to use one standard time instead of more than one local times.

Study the following map/ figure/graph and answer the following questions:

1. Can you tell?
Study the figure 1.3 given on page 4 of the textbook and answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Between which longitudes does the region experience daytime?
Answer:
The region shown between 90° W and 90° E in the figure experiences daytime.

Question 2.
Which longitudes experience noon and the midnight respectively?
Answer:
0° longitude and 180° longitude experience noon and the midnight respectively.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 3.
Edward from New Orleans is on which longitude?
Answer:
Edward from New Orleans is on 90° W longitude.

Question 4.
What is the time at Accra city?
Answer:
It is 12 noon at Accra city.

Question 5.
At the same time, what is Sharad from Patna and Yakaito from Japan doing? What time is it in these cities?
Answer:
At the same time, Sharad is returning home from school and Yakaito from Japan is preparing for the night’s sleep. At the same time, it is 5.30 p.m. at Patna and 9.20 p.m. at Japan.

Question 6.
Select any one longitude. Calculate the local time of the longitudes lying 1° to the west and east of this longitude.
Answer:

  1. The selected longitude: 60° E. The local time of the selected longitude is 4 p.m.
  2. The local time of the longitude lying 1° to the west of the selected longitude (59° E) will be 3.56 p.m.
  3. The local time of the longitude lying 1° to the east of the selected longitude (61° E) will be 4.04 p.m.

2. Can you tell?

Study the figure 1.4 given on page 6 of the textbook and answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Considering the longitudinal extent of India, how many longitudes with a difference of 1° can be drawn on a map?
Answer:
Considering the longitudinal extent of India, 29 longitudes with a difference of 1° can be drawn on a map.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 2.
By how many minutes do two consecutive longitudes differ?
Answer:
Two consecutive longitudes differ by 4 minutes.

Question 3.
What is the value of degrees of longitude at Mirzapur?
Answer:
The value of longitude at Mirzapur is 82°30′.

Question 4.
If it is 8 a.m. at 82°30′ E, what would be the time in their clocks at the following places: Jammu, Madurai, Jaisalmer, Guwahati.
Answer:
If it is 8 a.m. at 82°30′ E, it would be 8 a.m. in their clocks at Jammu, Madurai, Jaisalmer, Guwahati.
(Note: In India, the time at 82°30′ E is considered as standard time of India and therefore the same time will be considered everywhere in India.)

Question 5.
Though the distance between them is more why doesn’t the standard time differ in these places?
Answer:
In India, the time at 82°30′ E is considered as standard time of India and therefore the same time will be considered everywhere in India. Therefore, though the distance between them is more, the standard time doesn’t differ in these places.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Thought-Provoking Questions:

1. Think about it.

Question 1.
At the poles, sunrise occurs on one equinox and sunsets on the next equinox. If you happen to be at any of the poles during this time, then what would be the route of the sun in the daytime?
Answer:
At the poles, sun rises on one equinox and sets on the next equinox. If we happen to be at any of the poles during this time, then the following would be the route of the sun in the daytime:
(A) North Pole:
1. The sun will rise at the North Pole approximately on March 21.

2. Approximately, from March 21 to June 21, the sun will rise higher in the sky with each advancing day. It will reach the maximum height approximately on June 21. Approximately, from June 21 to September 21, the sun will start sinking towards the horizon in the sky with each advancing day.

3. The sun will set at the North Pole approximately on September 21.

(B) South Pole:
1. The sun will rise at the South Pole approximately on September 21.

2. Approximately, from September 21 to December 21, the sun will rise higher in the sky with each advancing day. It will reach the maximum height approximately on December 21.

3. Approximately, from December 21 to March 21, the sun will start sinking towards the horizon in the sky with each advancing day.

4. The sun will set at the South Pole approximately on March 21.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 2.
On which day, would the sun appear at the highest point in the sky?
Answer:

  1. On the North Pole, approximately on June 21, the sun would appear at the highest point in the sky.
  2. On the South Pole, approximately on December 21, the sun would appear at the highest point in the sky.

2. Use your brainpower:

Question 1.
Tick ✓ the time in the boxes which you can tell without using clock.
(Note: The answer is given directly.)
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 5
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time 6

3. Give it a try.

Question 1.
If it is 8 a.m. in India, what is the time in Greenwich?
Answer:
If it is 8 a.m. in India, it would be 2.30 a.m. in Greenwich.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 2.
When it is 2 p.m. in India, in which countries would it be 2 p.m. exactly?
Answer:
When it is 2 p.m. in India, it would be 2 p.m. exactly in Sri Lanka.

Question 3.
When it is 9 a.m. in India, what would be the time at 82°30′ W longitude?
Answer:
When it is 9 a.m. in India, it would be 10 p.m. of the previous day at 82°30′ W longitude.

Question 4.
What would be the time at Prime Meridian when a new day starts at 180° longitude?
Answer:
It would be 12 noon at Prime Meridian when a new day starts at 180° longitude.

4. Think about it.

Question 1.
In which of the following countries, does only one standard time exist? (Mexico, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, China)
Answer:
From the given countries, only one time exists in Sri Lanka, New Zealand and China.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 1 Local Time and Standard Time

Question 2.
Why does a country having a large latitudinal extent have only one standard time?
Answer:
The places lying on the same longitude have the same local time. Therefore, a country having a large latitudinal extent have only one standard time.

Question 3.
Which discrepancies will emerge if more than one local times, instead of one standard time are followed in a country with huge longitudinal extent?
Answer:
The following discrepancies will emerge if more than one local times, instead of one standard time are followed in a country with huge longitudinal extent:

  1. It will become difficult to synchronize the timetable of rail transportation, air transportation, etc. in a country.
  2. It will become difficult to synchronize the timings of schools, colleges, banks, libraries, etc. in a country.
  3. We will always have to adjust the time in watch as we move from one place to another in a country.

Read More:

Gift Nifty Session Time

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Class 8 English Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival Textbook Questions and Answers

The Kite Festival Std 8 Warming Up:

1. Cut out the wrong kites:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 8
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 9

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

2. Name the festival that you enjoy the most of all. Fill in the facts about that festival.
(a) Name of the festival:_______.
(b) When it is celebrated: _______.
(c) Why it is celebrated: ______.
(d) How it is celebrated: _______.
(e) Special cuisine: _______.
(f) Other special features: _______.
Answer:
Students can discuss and write down details about their favourite festival. They can consult their parents/friends / the internet, etc.

1. Give the Antonyms und Synonyms of the words below, choosing from those given:

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 10

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 11
Answer:

Words Synonyms Antonyms
Happily Joyfully Sorrowfully
Traditional Old-fashioned Modern
Halt pause start
Triumph victory defeat
Exotic foreign native
Rival competitor partner
Soar rise drop
Brilliance lustre dullness

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

2. Say whether the following statements are true or false:

Question a.
Fibreglass kites led to creating power – driven aeroplanes.
Answer:
False

Question b.
In Gujarat, the kite – festival is celebrated to welcome the Spring.
Answer:
False

Question c.
Uttarayana’ starts from Makar Sankranti onwards.
Answer:
True

Question d.
Kite – flying in Gujarat, is a competitive sport – cum – festival.
Answer:
True

Question e.
The kite – Bazar in Ahmedabad, is open day and night for a week.
Answer:
True

Question f.
The special thread for kite – flying is sharpened by adding sugar and glass pieces.
Answer:
False

3. Using points from the lesson, give the details of the following in a short paragraph for each topic:

Question a.
Different types of kites.
Answer:
Traditional kites are made of kite paper and have thin wooden frames. The modern kites may be motorized or made of fibreglass. Exotic kites have marvellous shapes such as that of eagles and snakes. There are also illuminated box-kites called tukals.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Question b.
International Kite Festival at Ahmedabad.
Answer:
The International Kite Festival at Ahmedabad is held either at the Sardar Patel Stadium or the Police Stadium. It attracts international kite-flyers as well as local champions. Little Indian paper kites compete with those from Japan, USA, UK and other countries. Exotic kites with marvellous shapes such as eagles and snakes soar in the sky. The Patang or Kite Bazar, in the heart of Ahmedabad, is open 24 hours a day for a whole week, and people crowd the streets through the night. Skilled craftsmen demonstrate age- old kite-making skills and how to prepare special thread. At night, illuminated box- kites are sent into the sky.

Question c.
The kite Bazar of Ahmedabad.
Answer:
During the Kite Festival at Ahmedabad, the Patang or Kite Bazar, in the heart of Ahmedabad, is open 24 hours a day for a whole week. People crowd the streets and buy their stocks, haggling through the night. Skilled craftsmen demonstrate age-old kite-making skills and how to prepare special thread covered with a mixture of glue and ground glass.

4. You hue just returned after your first experience of the kite – festival in Gujarat/Ahmedabad. You were thrilled with the festivities.

Write a short report about the kite – festival for your local newspaper. Give an attractive headline, a dateline and an account of the kite – festive. Write the report in third person with more use of Passive voice.
You have a friend who lives abroad. Write a letter to your friend describing how you enjoyed the kite-festival.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

5.A. Verb forms show both, Tense (Present, Past, Future) and Aspect (Progressive, Perfect,Perfect Progressive):

Progressive (Continuous): be + verb-ing
Present Progressive: He is playing.
Past Progressive: He was playing.
Future Progressive: He will be playing.

Perfect: have / has / hod verb – en / cd
Present Perfect: They have played.
Past Perfect: They had played.
Future Perfect: They will have played.

Perfect Progressive: have/has/had + been + verb – ing
Present Perfect Progressive: We have been playing.
Past Perfect Progressive: We had been playing.
Future Perfect Progressive: We shall have been playing.

5. B. Underline the verb forms in the following sentences and state their Tense and Aspect:

(i) They are waiting for the right winds.
(ii) People were haggling over the price of kites.
(iii) Vendors had been selling kites all through the week.
(iv) Skilled craftsmen had demonstrated age-old skills.
(v) State Tourism Corporation will be organising the International Kite Festival.
(vi) Kite – flyers have demonstrated their skills with exotic kites.
Answer:

Sentences Tense Aspect
i. They are waiting for the right winds. present progressive
ii. People were haggling over the price of kites. past progressive
iii. Vendors had been selling kites all through the week. past perfect  progressive
iv. Skilled craftsmen had demonstrated age-old skills. past perfect
v. State Tourism Corporation will be organizing the International Kite Festival. future progressive
vi. Kite-flyers have demonstrated their skills with exotic kites. present perfect

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Class 8 English Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival Additional Important Questions and Answers

Complete the table showing how modern ones:

The Kite Festival Std 8 Question 1.

Kites of the past Modem kites

Answer:

Kites of the past Modem kites
(1) made of kite paper
(2) had thin wooden frames
(3) box kites
(1) motorized kites
(2) kites made of fibreglass

The Kite Festival Std 8 Questions And Answers Question 2.
When is kite-flying at its peak in India?
Answer:
Kite-flying is at its peak in India during the coming of Spring and during the festival of Makar Sankranti, which coincides with the festival of Uttarayan.

3.2 The Kite Festival Questions And Answers Question 3.
Write how they celebrate the kite-flying festival in Gujarat.
Answer:
During the kite-flying festival, people of all ages go out into the open to fly kites and to cut’ each others’ kites. In towns and cities, where open spaces are difficult to find, terraces and rooftops are often used to fly the kites.

Activities based on Contextual Grammar:

The Kite Festival Questions And Answers Question 1.
People of all ages go out into the open to try their luck with their kites.
(Pick out the finite verbs and the infinitives.)
Answer:
finite verb – go; infinitive – to try

The Kite Festival Std 8 Question Answer Question 2.
It is also a celebration to mark the end of winter. (Rewrite using ‘which’.)
Answer:
It is also a celebration which marks the end of winter.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Personal Response:

The Kite Festival Std 8 Question Answer Question 1.
Do you like flying kites? Why?
Answer:
I am not a very big fan of kites. I do not like to fly them, but I like to watch other people do so. I used to fly kites earlier; but once I came to know that birds died because of the glass-covered thread, and there were injuries to people too, I stopped this sport.

List the reasons:

The Kite Festival Answers Question 1.
The kite-festival at Ahmedabad is very special.
Answer:
The kite-festival at Ahmedabad is very special because:

  • An International Kite Festival is held either at the Sardar Patel Stadium or the Police Stadium.
  • It attracts international kite-flyers as well as local champions.
  • Little Indian paper kites compete with those from Japan, the USA, UK and other countries.
  • Exotic kites with marvellous shapes such as eagles and snakes soar in the sky.
  • The Patang or Kite Bazar in the heart of Ahmedabad is open 24 hours a day for a whole week, and people
  • crowd the streets through the night.
  • Skilled craftsmen demonstrate kite-making age-old skills and how to prepare a special thread.
  • At night, illuminated box-kites are sent into the sky.

3.2 The Kite Festival Question 2.
How do they celebrate the kite-flying festival in Gujarat?
Answer:
The kite-flying begins at dawn and continues throughout the day. People of all ages gather in the open, on rooftops and terraces. They compete with each other and are triumphant when someone cuts the thread of a rival. Some people prepare special lines for their kites. There is music in the air and traditional delicacies are specially prepared. An International Kite Festival is organized by the Gujarat State Tourism Corporation.

Complete the following:

Class 8 English Chapter 3.2 Question Answer Question 1.
A visit to the Patang Bazar proves that _______.
Answer:
the entire city of Ahmedabad is obsessed with kites

Question 2.
The special thread for kite-flying is prepared by ________.
Answer:
covering the thread with a mixture of glue and ground glass and allowing it to dry

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Answer the following:

Question 1.
Different types of kites:
Answer:
Traditional kites are made of kite paper and have thin wooden frames. The modern kites may be motorized or made of fibreglass. Exotic kites have marvellous shapes such as that eagles and snakes. There are also illuminated box-kites called tukuls.

Question 2.
International Kite Festival at Ahmedabad:
Answer:
The International Kite Festival at Ahmedabad is held either at the Sardar Patel Stadium or the Police Stadium. It attracts international kite-flyers as well as local champions. Little Indian paper kites compete with those from Japan, USA, UK and other countries. Exotic kites with marvellous shapes such as eagles and snakes soar in the sky. The Patang or Kite Bazar, in the heart of Ahmedabad, is open 24 hours a day for a whole week, and people crowd the streets through the night. Skilled craftsmen demonstrate age-old kite-making skills and how to prepare a special thread. At night, illuminated box- kites are sent into the sky.

Question 3.
The Kite-Bazar of Ahmedabad:
Answer:
During the Kite Festival at Ahmedabad, the Patang or Kite Bazar, in the heart of Ahmedabad, is open 24 hours a day for a whole week. People crowd the streets and buy their stocks, haggling through the night. Skilled craftsmen demonstrate age-old kite-making skills and how to prepare special thread covered with a mixture of glue and ground glass.

Question 4.
One of the highlights of this festival is the Patang Bazar, which is open twenty-four hours a day, for a whole week.
(Underline the clauses in the sentence.)
Answer:
One of the highlights of this festival is the Patang Bazar, which is open twenty-four hours a day, for a whole week.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Question 5.
They add a grand beauty to the dark sky and compete with the brilliance of the stars.
(Rewrite as two separate sentences.)
Answer:
They add a grand beauty to the dark sky. They compete with the brilliance of the stars.

Personal Response:

Question 1.
What is the care to be taken by children while flying kites?
Answer:
Children should not run after kites on the road or try to rescue them from trees. This could lead to accidents. They should be careful if they are flying kites from terraces and rooftops. The thread should be handled with care, and there should be no injuries to animals or human beings because of it.

Do as directed:

Question 1.
Pick out two compounds, words from the lesson.
Answer:
Two compound words: kiteflying, power-driven

Question 2.
Use the following phrase in your own sentence: in the middle of the night.
Answer:
The baby woke up in the middle of the night and began to play.

Question 3.
Build a word chain of five adjectives :
Answer:
long → green → naughty → young → grateful → lovely.

Question 4.
Find out four hidden words from the given word:
traditional (Each word should have at least 3 letters.)
Answer:
traditional: tradition, train, drain, trait

Question 5.
Use the following word in two separate sentences, the word having different meanings (homographs):
watch
Answer:
(i) The policemen watched the house the whole day.
(ii) I was very upset as I had lost my watch.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Question 6.
Underline the clauses in the following sentence:
There is music in the air and traditional delicacies are specially prepared for the day
Answer:
There is music in the air and traditional delicacies are specially prepared for the day.

Question 7.
Identify the type of sentence:
The little boy would happily pick up his kite and run out into the field.
Answer:
Assertive sentence.

Question 8.
Rewrite as an affirmative sentence:
In India, however, the tradition of kite-flying has not changed.
Answer:
In India, however, the tradition of kite-flying has remained the same.

Question 9.
Rewrite in indirect speech:
The harassed mother would often say
to her restless son, “Why don’t you go fly a kite ?”
Answer:
The harassed mother would often ask her restless son why he did not go fly a kite.

Question 10.
Use the following word as a noun and a verb in two separate sentences:
cut
Answer:

  • The cut on my hand healed soon, (noun)
  • I cut my finger when I was slicing a mango, (verb)

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Writing Skills:

Question 1.
You have just returned after your first experience of the kite-festival in Gujarat/Ahmedabad. You were thrilled with the festivities.
Write a short report about the kite festival for your local newspaper. Give an attractive headline, a dateline, and an account of the kite-festival. Write the report in the third person with more use of Passive Voice.
Answer:

High-Flying Kites Adorn The Sky

Ahmedabad, 17 January: A variety of colourful kites adorned the sky this year during the International Kite Festival here. A record number of countries participated in this annual festival. The famous International Kite Festival, organized by the Gujarat State Tourism Corporation, was held at the Sardar Patel Stadium. 14 countries, including India, participated. The kites were very colourful and in a variety of shapes. There were dragons, eagles, snakes, crocodiles, etc. Some had tiny lights in them, while j some were studded with stones. Excited spectators watched in awe as the kites; soared in the sky, free as birds.

This year, the first prize, a gold-plated cup in the shape of a kite, went to Korea. The Korean team succeeded in keeping their kite in the sky for the longest time. Last year’s winner and the host country, India, J did not stand a chance this year and were ; out of the competition at an early stage. “We will double our efforts for the next year and come out with flying colours,” said Rakesh ) Pandya, captain of the home team. We wish them all the best for the next year, Harsh Mehta.

Question 2.
You have a friend who lives abroad.
Write a letter to him/her describing how you enjoyed the kite-festival,
Answer:
‘Gulmohar’
Ahmedabad
17 January 2019

Hi Dominic,
How are you? You have hardly written j to me since you went to London. Why the silence?
Yes, I know you are busy, but you can spare some time for an old friend, can’t you?

Here in Ahmedabad, the kite festival is just over. We had a wonderful time flying kites and cheering others. The school was closed for two days, and my friends and I spent one j day watching the competition at the Police Stadium and the other day at the ground near our house, flying an assortment of kites. Our kites were ordinary ones, but you should have seen the exotic kites being flown at the Police Stadium! They were from Japan, the U.S., U.K., Thailand, Korea and other places. They were in the shape of eagles, snakes, crocodiles, dragons, etc. Some had shining tails while some had bejewelled bodies. The competition was very stiff-but guess what! The first prize was won by the Indian team!
Our own competition too was very thrilling. We cut so many kites! We were also awake the whole night shopping for kites and eating. It was really a wonderful time.

Well, I hope that next year you will be back in India and maybe you can come to Ahmedabad during this time. You will certainly enjoy the festival-and the eats! Hope you find time to reply.
Your friend,
Harsh.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.2 The Kite Festival

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Class 8 Geography Chapter 9 Map Scale Textbook Questions and Answers

1. 

Map Scale Std 8 Question a.
Classify maps showing the following areas into small scale or large scale:
(1) Building (2) School (3) Country of India (4) Church (5) Mall (6) World map (7) Garden (8) Dispensary (9) Maharashtra state (10) The north sky at night.
Answer:
The classification of maps showing the given areas is as follows:
(A) Small scale maps:

  1. Country of India
  2. World map
  3. Maharashtra state
  4. The north sky at night.

(B) Large scale maps :

  1. Building
  2. School
  3. Church
  4. Mall
  5. Garden!
  6. Dispensary.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Map Scale Class 8 Geography Question b.
There are two maps with respective scales of 1cm = 100 m and 1cm = 100 km. Give well reasoned answer as to which of them would be a large scale map and which a small scale map. Recognize the types of maps.
Answer:
A. Out of the two maps with respective scales of 1 cm = 100 m and 1 cm = 100 km, a map with respective scale of 1 cm = 100 m would be a large scale map.
B. Reasons :

  1. 1 metre is equal to 100 centimetres and 100 metre is equal to 10000 centimetres.
  2. Thus, the value of the given verbal scale (1cm = 100 m) is 1 : 10000 in numerical terms (scale).
  3. A map having a numerical scale of 1 : 10,000 or less than it is called large scale map. Therefore, 1cm = 100 m would be a large scale map.

C. Types of maps :

  1. Maps of villages, church, agricultural fields, etc. are the large scale maps.
  2. Maps of state, country, continent, world, etc. are the small scale maps.

2. Using a map of India from the atlas measure straight Line distance between the following cities and complete the table below.

Question a.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 1
Answer:

Cities Distance on a map Actual distance
1. Mumbai to Bangaluru 0.98 cm 980 km
2. Vijaypura to Jaipur 2 cm 2000 km
3. Hyderabad to Surat 0.9 cm 900 km
4. Ujjain to Shimla 1.14 cm 1140 km
5. Patna to Raipur 0.75 cm 750 km
6. Delhi to Kolkata 1 cm 1000 km

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

3. 

Map Scale Std 8 Questions And Answers Question a.
The distance between two points A and B on the ground is 500 m. Show this distance on paper by a line of 2 cm. Express the map scale by any one method and mention it.
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 2

Question b.
Convert verbal scale of 1cm = 53 km to a numerical scale.
Answer:

  1. 1 kilometre is equal to 100000 centimetres. Therefore, 53 kilometres is equal to 5300000 centimetres.
  2. Therefore, the verbal scale of 1 cm = 53 km can be converted to a numerical scale as – 1 : 5300000.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Class 8 Geography Chapter 9 Map Scale Question c.
Convert numerical scale of 1 : 10000000 to a verbal scale in the metric system.
Answer:

  1. 100000 centimetres is equal to 1 kilometre. Thus, 10000000 centimetres is equal to 100 kilometres.
  2. Therefore, numerical scale of 1 : 10000000 to a verbal scale in the metric system can be converted as 1 cm = 100 km.

4. Help them, using road and railway maps of the state of Maharashtra. Use the scale given in the maps.

Std 8 Geography Chapter 9 Map Scale Question a.
Ajay wants to arrange a family trip. Beed-Aurangabad-Dhule-Nasik Mumbal-Pune-Solapur-Beed. He wants to visit tourist places along this route. The cost of the vehicle is Rs 12/- per km. What would be the approximate cost of travel?

Map Scale Questions And Answers Question b.
Saloni has been asked to organize a trip by her teacher. She has selected Nagpur Chandrapur-Nanded-Washim-Akola Malkapur. What would be the total coverage in kilometers?

Geography Class 8 Chapter 9 Question c.
Vishawasrao is transporting goods in a vehicle from Alibag (district Raigad) to Naldurg (district – Osmanabad). How many km. will he be covering aproximately for a to and fro travel?

Projects:

Map Scale Questions Question a.
Measure the length and breadth of your school. Prepare a sketch according to scale. Show different parts of your school on the sketch.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Question b.
With the help of google maps find the distance between your village and your neighbouring village. Represent all the three methods of map scale on paper.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 9 Map Scale Additional Important Questions and Answers

Mark ✓ the box next to the right alternative:
(Note: The answers are given directly.)

Question a.
Which of the following factor’s map will be a large scale map?
(a) Temple [ ]
(b) State [ ]
(c) Nation [ ]
(d) Continent [ ]
Answer:
(a) Temple [✓]

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Question b.
Which of the following scale indicates small scale map?
(a) 1 : 100 [ ]
(b) 1 : 1000 [ ]
(c) 1 : 10000 [ ]
(d) 1 : 100000 [ ]
Answer:
(d) 1 : 100000 [✓]

Answer the following questions in one sentence each:

Question a.
What is verbal scale?
Answer:
A scale in which distances are expressed with the use of words indicating measurement is called verbal scale.

Question b.
What is numerical scale?
Answer:
A scale in which distances are expressed as ratio is called numerical scale.

Question c.
What is linear scale?
Answer:
A scale in which distances are expressed by drawing graphical scale is called linear scale.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Question d.
What is large scale map?
Answer:
A map in which a particular part of ground covers comparatively more area is called large scale map.

Question e.
What is small scale map?
Answer:
A map in which a particular part of ground covers comparatively less area is called small scale map.

Write short notes on:

Question a.
Verbal scale.
Answer:
1. A scale in which distances are expressed with the use of words indicating measurement is called verbal scale.
2. For example, 1cm = 100 km.

3. In verbal scale, the word indicating measurement on the left hand side indicates the distance between any two points on a s map. On the other hand, the word indicating 1 measurement on the right hand side! indicates the ground distance between those two points.

4. When the map is reduced or enlarged by taking its photo copy, the verbal scale on the original map does not change.

Question b.
Numerical scale.
Answer:

  1. Numerical scale: A scale in which distances are expressed as ratio is called numerical scale.
  2. For example, 1:10000. It is also known as representative fraction.
  3. In numerical scale, the same measuring unit is used for the figures on the left hand side and right hand side. However, no words are used to indicate this measuring unit.
  4. In numerical scale, number 1 on the left hand side indicates the distance between any two points on a map. On the other hand, the number 10000 on the right hand side indicates the ground distance between those two points.
  5. When the map is reduced or enlarged by taking its photo copy, the numerical scale on the original map does not change.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Question c.
Linear scale.
Answer:

  1. A scale in which distances are expressed by drawing graphical scale is called linear scale.
  2. For example,
    Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 3
  3. Compass or blade of grass is used if the ruler is not available for the measurement.
  4. A thread is used for measuring the curved distances between two points shown in a map.
  5. When the map is reduced or enlarged by taking its photo copy, the linear scale drawn on the original map changes as per the changing size of the map.

Highlight differences /Distinguish between the following:

Question a.
Large scale map and Small scale map.
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 4

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Question b.
Numerical scale and Linear scale.
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 5

Study the following map /figure/graph and answer the following questions:

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale 6

Study the Figure and answer the following questions:

Question a.
How much is the ground distance between Mumbai and Gondia?
Answer:
The ground distance between Mumbai and Gondia is approximately 810 kilometres.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Geography Solutions Chapter 9 Map Scale

Question b.
How much is the distance between Satara and Sangli on a map?
Answer:
The distance between Satara and Sangli on a map is approximately 1.5 centimetres.

Thought-Provoking Question:

Think about it. 

Question a.
What is the need to use map scale? Think about it and write a paragraph.
Answer:

  1. If the map scale is not mentioned in a map, it will become difficult to know the ground (actual) distance between any two points shown in a map.
  2. Map scale is important element of a map. It facilitates map reading.
  3. If the map scale is mentioned in a map, it will become very easy to understand the ground (actual) distance between any two points shown in a map.

Open-Ended Question:

Question a.
Which of the following scale will you prefer to use: (a) Verbal scale (b) Numerical scale (c) Linear scale?
Answer:

  1. Different measuring units are used in different countries of the world. Due to linguistic differences, particular verbal scale or linear scale may not be used with ease in all the countries.
  2. Numerical scale is a global scale. It can be used universally. Therefore, we will prefer numerical scale.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions, and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Class 8 English Chapter 3.4 Leisure Textbook Questions and Answers

Leisure Poem 8th Std Warming Up:

1. Discuss in groups and share with one another:

Leisure Poem Questions And Answers Class 8 Question 1.
The daily routine of your mother and father on working days
Answer:
(Points: what time they get up – what time they leave for work – what time they return home – have lunch – dinner – bedtime, etc.)

3.4 Leisure Questions And Answe Question 2.
How your family relaxes on weekends
Answer:
(Points: rest at home – visit relatives – shopping – malls – movies – gardens – catch up on housework, etc.)

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Std 8 English Poem Leisure Question 3.
When you go for a picnic, what and how do you enjoy it?
Answer:
(Points: go to the beach/mall /garden/movies etc. – relax and enjoy by yourself – sing songs – go in big groups – go as a family – go to restaurants for food, etc.)

Leisure Question Answers Class 8 Question 4.
Do you spend time admiring and thinking over the beauties of nature? Elaborate on your response.
Answer:
(Points: no beautiful nature around/ gardens nearby – like enjoying natural beauties – prefer city life – like animals and birds – visit zoos and parks. etc.)

2. When a poet I writer attempts (o describe something in words, so that it appeals to our five senses (sight, smell, hearing, touch, taste) he/she has used a des ice called Imager.
For example a host of golden daffodils’.
to a chasm, deep and vast and wide’.
Go through other poems in your textbook or other books and find outlines that contain Imagery. Write them does n along with the name of the poem and line/stanza number.
Answer:
Students can attempt this activity on their own.

3. Prepare un Acrostic from the word ‘Leisure’. The words should be related to what one likes to do in free time:

  1. L ………..
  2. E ………….
  3. I …………
  4. S ………..
  5. U ………..
  6. Reading stories
  7. E …………

Answer:

  1. Laze around
  2. Enjoy movies
  3. Initiate games
  4. Sleep
  5. Undertake to clean house
  6. Read stories
  7. Exercise

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

1. Say Where:

Question a.
………… do the cows and sheep stand? …………..
Answer:
Beneath the branches of trees.

Question b.
………… do squirrels store their food? ………….
Answer:
In the grass.

Question c.
………….. do stars shine in the daytime …………..
Answer:
In the streams.

Question d.
………….. does Beauty’s smile begin? ……………….
Answer:
In her eyes.

2. Think and answer in your own words:

Question a.
What could have inspired the poet to compose this poem? Do you think it relates to our present-day life? Defend your choice.
Answer:
The poet must have seen the busy lives of people around him, who are always in a hurry and have no leisure to look at the beauty around. Yes, it certainly relates to our present life, which keeps getting busier and busier. Today, with the Internet, the mobile phone, the computer, and social networking sites, our lives are getting more I and more artificial and further from nature than ever before.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Question b.
Which line proves that in our busy lives we do not even have a fraction of a second to enjoy nature’s beauty?
Answer:
The lines are :
No time to see, when woods we pass
Where squirrels hide their nuts in the grass?
No time to see, in broad daylight,
Are streams full of stars, like skies at night?
No time to turn at Beauty’s glance,
And watch her feet, how they can dance?
No time to wait till her mouth can
Enrich that smile her eyes began.

Question c.
‘Beauty’ in stanza 5 to 6 can refer to a beautiful maiden as well as nature itself. Explain when and how nature ‘dances’ and also ‘smiles’.
Answer:
Nature dances during spring and: summer, when the leaves of trees and the flowers sway in the breeze. Nature smiles at the beginning of spring when the plants begin to once again bloom slowly.

Question d.
Why does the poet call our life ‘poor’?
Answer:
The poet calls our life ‘poor’ because we are always anxious and under stress. We are completely cut off from nature and cannot relax and enjoy its beauty. He feels that this type of life is a ‘poor’ life.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

3. You have learned that when u human attribute is given to anything that is not a human being or it is spoken of as a person, the Figure of Speech used is culled as ‘Personification’:

Question a.
Pick out two examples of Personification from the poem
Answer:
(i) ‘No time to turn at Beauty’s glance, I And watch her feet, how they can; dance?’ Nature has been given the human qualities of ‘glancing’ and ‘dancing’.
(ii) ‘No time to wait till her mouth can Enrich the smile her eyes began.’ Nature has been given the human quality of ‘smiling’.

Question b.
Pick out from the poem, two examples of each of the following Figures of Speech:

3.4 Leisure Question 1.
Alliteration
Answer:
(i) We have no time to stand and stare.’ Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘s’.
(ii) ‘Streams full of stars, like skies at; night.’ Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘s’.

8th Standard English Poem Leisure Notes Question 2.
Simile
Answer:
(i) ‘And stare as long as sheep or cows.’ Here, a direct comparison has been made between sheep and cows.
(ii) ‘Streams full of stars, like skies at night.’ Here, a direct comparison has been made to the night skies.

Leisure Poem 8th Std Question 3.
Metaphor
Answer:
(i) ‘No time to turn at Beauty’s; glance.’ Here nature has been implicitly compared to a beautiful woman.
(ii) ‘Enrich the smile her eyes began.’ Here the blooming of flowers has been implicitly compared to a woman smiling.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Question c.
The poet opens his poem with a question. Is the question asked to receive some answer? No. It is a question used to emphasize and stress the fact that modern man has no time to enrich his life from nature. Such a device used by poets falls under the Figure of Speech called ‘Interrogation
or ‘Rhetorical Question’. Refer to the poem ‘The Pilgrim’ and find examples of Interrogation.
Answer:
‘What is this life, if full of care,
We have no time to stand and stare?’
Here the poet asks a question to emphasize and stress the fact that modern man has no time to appreciate nature.
(Note: The lines in stanzas 2,3,4,5 and 6 are also examples of Interrogation.)

4. Say where the images from mature given in the poem exist:

Air/Land/Water

Question a.
beneath the thoughts …………..
Answer:
Land

Question b.
squirrel hide nuts in grass …………
Answer:
Land

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Question c.
streams in day time ………..
Answer:
Water

Question d.
stars/ skies at night …………
Answer:
Air

5. Make a paraphrase of the poem ‘Leisure’ in your own simple words. Write down in your notebook.
Answer:
In this poem, the poet, W.H. Davies, questions the type of life we are leading if we have no time to appreciate the beauties of nature. He says that we have no time to stand beneath the trees and stare as sheep and cows do. When we are walking through the woods we have no time to watch where the squirrels hide their food in the grass. We have no time to look at streams that sparkle and a twinkle in broad daylight and appear to be full of stars like the skies at night.

We have no time to watch when a beautiful young girl dances, or wait for her lips to complete the smile which started in her eyes. (We can also say that ‘Beauty’ is nature, and we have no time to see trees swaying In the breeze or flowers blooming slowly.)
In the concluding lines, the poet repeats that our life is a poor life if it is full of cares and worries with no time to appreciate and enjoy the beauty of nature.

Class 8 English Chapter 3.4 Leisure Additional Important Questions and Answers

Complex Factual Activities:

Class 8 English Leisure Question 1.
What does the poet want us to stare at and gain from it?
Answer:
The poet wants us to spare some time from our busy schedules to look at the beauty of nature and enjoy it.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.4 Leisure

Leisure Class 8 Question 2.
Enlist the beautiful things in nature that we overlook.
Answer:
We overlook:

  1. squirrels hiding their food in the grass
  2. twinkling and sparkling streams
  3. a beautiful girl smile and dance/trees swaying in the breeze and flowers blooming slowly.

8th Standard English Poem Leisure Question 3.
Analysis/ Appreciation Of The Poem
Answer:

  1. Poem and poet: ‘Leisure’ by William Henry Davies.
  2. Theme: The poet regrets that ours is a poor life if it is full of cares and worries and we have no time to appreciate and enjoy the beauty of nature.
  3. Tone: Serious and analytical; reflective poem.
  4. Structure and stanzas: The stanzas are of two lines each; seven couplets with lines of equal length.
  5. Rhyme and Rhythm: The rhyme scheme is aa, bb, cc, and so on, with the ending words of each couplet rhyming.
  6. Language and Imagery: The language is simple; the poem has many figures of speech and is full of imagery when the poet describes the beauty of nature.
  7. Figures of Speech: Alliteration, Personification, Simile, Metaphor, Repetition, Interrogation.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions, and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Class 8 English Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf Textbook Questions and Answers

3.3 The Last Leaf Warming Up:

1. Suppose you suffer from a long – term illness (one or two weeks), what should you do and what should you avoid? Fill up the table of Do’s and Don’ts:

Do’s Don’ts
(1) Go to a doctor for a diagnosis. (1) Do not …………..
(2) ………… (2) Do not avoid medication on time.
(3) Take a suitable diet. (3) Avoid …………..
(4) Take rest. (4) Avoid physical stress and exertion.
(5) Rest in a properly ventilated room. (5) Do not …………….
(6) Have cheerful thoughts, courage, a positive attitude. (6) Do not lose …….. and ………….

Answer:

Do’s Don’ts
(1) Go to a doctor for diagnosis. (1) Do not try any medication on your own.
(2) Take medicines on time. (2) Do not avoid medication on time.
(3) Take a suitable diet. (3) Avoid junk food.
(4) Take rest. (4) Avoid physical stress and exertion.
(5) Rest in a properly ventilated room. (5) Do not close doors and windows.
(6) Have cheerful thoughts, courage, a positive attitude. (6) Do not lose hope and courage.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

2. You already know that Homophones are pairs of words that sound the same but differ in spellings and meanings:
For example sum and some
There are some words that even have the same spelling and pronunciations, but have different meanings in different situations or contexts.
For example: bat (a bird) and ki (sports / games equipment)
Such words are called Homographs.
Make pairs of sentences of your own to point out the different meanings of the following Homographs

The Last Leaf Class 8 Questions And Answers Maharashtra Board Question 1.
fine:
Answer:
(i) The new driver had to pay a fine for breaking the signal.
(ii) We decided to go for a picnic only if the day was fine.

The Last Leaf Class 8 Questions And Answers Question 2.
wave:
Answer:
(i) Ronny waved to his father before going for the picnic.
(ii) The waves in the sea before the tsunami were huge.

The Last Leaf Question Answer Class 8 Question 3.
bear:
Answer:
(i) The grizzly bear hibernates during winter.
(ii) Simi could not bear to see the two cats fighting.

3.3 The Last Leaf Question 4.
rose:
Answer:
(i) The rose is a beautiful flower.
(ii) The teacher rose from her chair to explain the sum.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

3.3 The Last Leaf Questions And Answers Question 5.
lead:
Answer:
(i) Lead is used in pencils.
(ii) A good king leads his country to prosperity.

Class 8 English Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf Question Answer Question 6.
match:
Answer:
(i) Though we lost the match, we were not upset,
(ii) “Buy the shoes only if they match the dress,” said mother to Madhu.

The Last Leaf Class 8 Questions And Answers Pdf Question 7.
second:
Answer:
(i) Every second counts when we are writing an examination paper.
(ii) “Take the second turn on the right,” directed the policeman.

The Last Leaf 8th Standard Question 8.
object:
Answer:
(i) The lawyer objected to what the witness said.
(ii) The objects on the table were taken away before the girl could see them properly.

1. Read the story and choose the appropriate meanings:

Question a.
Struggling artists:
(i) artists fighting with one another
(ii) artists trying hard to earn a living
(iii) artists painting war scenes
Answer:
(ii) artists trying hard to earn a living

Question b.
Skeleton branches:
(i) bones branching out from joints
(ii) leafy branches
(iii) bare branches
Answer:
(iii) bare branches

Question c.
Wielded the brush:
(i) painted skillfully
(ii) broke the brush
(iii) joined the broken brush
Answer:
(i) painted skillfully

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question d.
Palette:
(i) the tip of the brush
(ii) a board used by artists to mix colours
(iii) a fancy dinner plate
Answer:
(ii) a board used by artists to mix colours

Question e.
Masterpiece:
(i) a master who promotes peace
(ii) the very first creation of on artist
(iii) an exceptionally beautiful work of art
Answer:
(iii) an exceptionally beautiful work of art

2. Make pairs of sentences to show the difference between the meanings of the following Homographs from the story:

Question a.
interest
Answer:
(i) The bank promised a high rate of interest to its customers.
(ii) The audience soon lost interest in the boring match.

Question b.
well
Answer:
(i) The well was so deep that one could not see the water.
(ii) The Principal sent Sumeet home as he was not feeling well.

Question c.
left
Answer:
(i) When Roma turned to her left, she saw a long line of taxis.
(ii) The Mayor had left before it begem to rain.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question d.
just
Answer:
(i) The children had just left when the magician arrived.
(ii) It is the duty of a judge to be just.

Question e.
mind
Answer:
(i) “Mind your language!” said the man to the rude young boy angrily.
(ii) We should try not to have any negative thoughts in our mind.

3. State the facts about the story:

Main characters:
Problem:
Attempts made to solve it:
Climax / Turning point:
Problem solved:
End:
Answer:
Main characters: Sue, Johnsy, the doctor and Behrman
Problem: Johnsy’s negative attitude, her lack of will to live and the fancy that she would die when the last leaf fell from the ivy vine.
Attempts made to solve it: The doctor informed Sue that Johnsy would recover only if she had the wish to live. Sue looked after her well and tried to make her think positively. Finally, Behrman painted a leaf on the wall so that the last leaf would never fall, and Johnsy would live.
Climax/Tuming point:
(i) When Johnsy sees the last leaf still clinging to the vine, and realizes that she has been given a message that she was wicked to want to die.
(ii) The sweeper finding Behrman in very wet clothes and shoes, with scattered brushes and a palette with yellow and green colors mixed on it.
Problem solved: Johnsy realizes her mistake and begins to look forward to life again.
End: Though Johnsy lives, Behrman, who painted the last leaf, contracts pneumonia due to exposure to rain and snow. He dies due to his efforts. He dies so that Johnsy lives.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

4. Say whether the following statements are right or wrong:

Question a.
Sue and Johnsy were very close friends.
Answer:
Right

Question b.
Sue was a rich girl.
Answer:
Wrong

Question c.
Johnsy was hopeful that she will live.
Answer:
Wrong

Question d.
Behrman was a hard-hearted person.
Answer:
Wrong

Question e.
The last leaf fell off during the rain.
Answer:
Right

Question f.
Johnsy realized that her thinking was wrong.
Answer:
Right

Question g.
Behrman did not know anything about the last leaf on the ivy.
Answer:
Wrong

5. Correct the following statements:

Question a.
Sue and Johnsy were good neighbours.
Answer:
Sue and Johnsy were very good friends.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question b.
Johnsy was eager to recover from her illness.
Answer:
Johnsy had made up her mind that she was not going to recover.

Question c.
Sue ignored Johnsy completely.
Answer:
Sue looked after Johnsy well.

Question d.
Behrman was a very heartless person.
Answer:
Behrman was a very kind-hearted person.

Question e.
The real ivy leaf did not fall off at all.
Answer:
The real ivy leaf fell off the night it rained and snowed.

Question f.
The last leaf was a real leaf that survived.
Answer:
The last leaf was a leaf painted on the wall by Behrman.

6. Read the descriptions of the following from the story and describe any one of them using your own words:

Question 1.
The ivy vine
Answer:
Outside the window there was an old ivy vine, gnarled and decayed at the roots. It had climbed half way up the brick wall. It had lost most of its leaves due to the cold autumn. Only a few bare branches were left, clinging to the bricks.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question 2.
Behrman
Answer:
Behrman was a struggling painter who lived on the ground floor of the building where Sue and Johnsy lived. He was a failure in art, for though he had been painting for forty years, he had not made any money. He always dreamt about painting a masterpiece, and often spoke about it, but had never got round to doing it. He served as a model for the young artists in the colony, who could not afford other models.

He was shocked when he heard about Johnsy’s fancy and thought that the place was not good for her. He was a generous, compassionate and kind- hearted man. Even though he was old, he braved the wind, rain and snow to go out and paint the last leaf on the wall. He died in order that Johnsy could live.

Question 3.
The last leaf that Johnsy saw
Answer:
The last leaf that Johnsy saw was not a real leaf but a leaf painted on the wall by Behrman. It was dark green near its stem, but its edges were tinted with yellow. It hung from a branch some twenty feet above the ground. Naturally it never fluttered or moved when the wind blew. It was Behrman’s masterpiece and had been painted the night when the real last leaf had fallen.

7. You have learnt that a Clause is a group of words that has a Subject and a Verb, and is a part of a larger sentence:
In the sentence, ‘We returned home, when school was over’ there are two clauses.
(i) We returned home and
(ii) When school was over’.
The first one makes complete sense, so it is called Main I Principal Clause. The second one is not complete by itself. It depends on the Main Clause to convey proper sense. So it is called Dependant or Subordinate Clause. ‘When’ is the joining word, and it is called o Subordinator.

In the following sentences, point out the Main Clause and Subordinate Clause. Encircle the Subordinator.

Question a.
There was a colony, where many struggling artists lived.
Answer:
Main Clause: There was a colony
Subordinate Clause: where many struggling artists lived
Subordlnator: where

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question b.
Though Sue looked after her well, Johnsy showed no signs of improvement.
Answer:
Main Clause: Johnsy showed no signs of improvement
Subordinate Clause: Though Sue looked after her very well
Subordlnator: Though

Question c.
Sue thought that she had fallen asleep.
Answer:
Main Clause: Sue thought
Subordinate Clause: that she had fallen asleep
Subordinator: that

Question d.
Old Behrman was a painter, who lived on the ground floor.
Answer:
Main Clause: Old Behrman was a painter
Subordinate Clause: who lived on the ground floor
Subordlnator: who

Question e.
Johnsy was sleeping when the two went upstairs.
Answer:
Main Clause: Johnsy was sleeping
Subordinate Clause: when the two went upstairs
Subordlnator: when

Question f.
I want to see the last one before it falls.
Answer:
Main Clause: I want to see the last one
Subordinate Clause: before It falls
Subordlnator: before

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

8. Compose an imaginary dialogue between Sue and Johns, when I realise what Behrman had done for Johnsy:
Answer:
Johnsy: Sue, did you know that Mr. Behrman had painted that last leaf?
Sue: No, I knew it just now, too.
Johnsy: Sue, that means that he got wet that night painting the last leaf!
Sue: And got pneumonia after that!
Johnsy: Yes, because of my stupid fancy that I would die when the last leaf fell.
Sue: It certainly was a stupid idea.
Johnsy: I feel so guilty now! Sue, it is as if …. as if …. he died for me!
Sue: Yes, so that you may live.
Johnsy: Oh, what a wonderful, compassionate man! To go out in that cold, wintry, snowy night just to paint that leaf!
Sue: And develop pneumonia ….
Johnsy: What can I do now? How can I ever thank him?
Sue: I know what you can do!
Johnsy: What? What?
Sue: Paint your masterpiece of the Bay of Naples and dedicate it to him.
Johnsy: Yes, I think that’s a good idea.Yes, I’ll do that. Thanks, Sue.

Class 8 English Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf Additional Important Questions and Answers

Complex Factual Activities:

Question 1.
What did the doctor tell Sue about Johnsy?
Answer:
The doctor told Sue that Johnsy had one chance in ten. That chance was for Johnsy to want to live, and Johnsy had made up her mind that she was not going to get well. He also told Sue that medicines alone would not help if the patient did not want to live.

Question 2.
Describe the ivy vine outside the window.
Answer:
Outside the window, there was an old ivy vine, gnarled and decayed at the roots. It had climbed half way up the brick wall. It had lost most of its leaves due to the cold autumn. Only a few bare branches were left, clinging to the bricks.

Question 3.
Explain the false belief that Johnsy had about the ivy vine.
Answer:
Johnsy felt that when the last leaf fell off from the ivy vine, she too would die.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question 4.
Who was Behrman? Explain why Sue called Him to their flat.
Answer:
Behrman was a struggling painter who lived on the ground floor of the building where Sue and Johnsy lived. He served as a model for the young artists in the colony. Sue called him to their flat to act as a model for the old man that she was drawing.

Question 5.
What happened that night and what did the two friends see when the window was open?
Answer:
That night it rained and snowed. A fierce wind blew. When the window was open, the two friends saw one ivy leaf still clinging to the vine. It was dark green near the stem, but its edges were tinted with yellow. It hung from a branch some twenty feet above the ground.

Question 6.
What did Johnsy declare when she saw the last ivy leaf?
Answer:
When Johnsy saw the last ivy leaf, she declared that it would fall that day and she would die at the same time.

Question 7.
What change came over Johnsy the next day? Why?
Answer:
Johnsy now felt that she had been wicked earlier and it was a sin to want to die. She wanted to sit up in bed and was ready to have broth and milk. She looked forward to the future and hoped to paint the Bay of Naples some day. It was the sight of the last leaf staying on the vine that was the reason for her change.

Question 8.
Explain what happened to Mr. Behrman.
Answer:
Mr. Behrman had gone out in the rain and snow to paint the last leaf on the wall. He had got thoroughly wet and became ill with pneumonia. He died in a hospital two days later.

Question 9.
Who had saved Johnsy’s life and how?
Answer:
Mr. Behrman had saved Johnsy’s life. He had realized that Johnsy had a fancy that she would die after the last leaf; fell. He wanted to make certain that the last J leaf never fell, and hence he painted a false leaf on the wall. The sight of the persistent leaf, which Johnsy thought was real, made her come to her senses and want to live.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Personal Response:

Question 1.
What type of attitude should a person have when he/she is ill?
Answer:
When a person is ill, he/she should have a positive attitude. He/She should have cheerful thoughts and courage and try to keep the mind occupied. Only then will medication help.

Question 2.
Do you think that Johnsy was talking nonsense? Or did she have some forewarning that she would die?
Answer:
I think that Johnsy was talking nonsense. How can the number of leaves on an ivy vine indicate when she was going to die? This is just having negative thoughts when the mind is idle and frightened.

Write who said the given words and to whom:

Question 1.

The words Who said To whom
(1) Open the window
(2) She is very ill and weak
(3) I have not heard of such a thing.
(4) It is the last one.

Answer:

The words Who said To whom
(1) Open the window Johnsy Sue
(2) She is very ill and weak Sue Behrman
(3) I have not heard of such a thing. Behrman Sue
(4) It is the last one. Johnsy Sue

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Write the words given below in the proper columns:

Question 1.
idiotic, fancy, foolish, weak, place, away, upstairs, work, rain, continuously,closed, window, fierce, bravely, branch,surely
Answer:

Nouns Adjectives Adverbs
fancy, place, idiotic, away,
work, rain, foolish, upstairs,
window, weak, continuously,
branch closed, bravely,
fierce surely

Do as directed:

Pick out two words from the lesson whose first letter is silent.
Answer:
pneumonia, gnarled.

Question 2.
Use the following phrase in your own sentence : above the ground
Answer:
During monsoon, the clouds are just a few feet above the ground in Ooty.

Question 3.
Add two letters before the given word to form three separate words:
own
Answer:
brown, crown, drown

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question 4.
Find out four hidden words from the given word:
twilight (Each word should have at least 3 letters.)
Answer:
twilight: light, tight, wilt, tilt

Question 5.
Use the following word and its homophone in two separate sentences: earn
Answer:
(i) It is difficult to earn a living if you are illiterate.
(ii) I placed the flowers in an urn and poured water into it.

Question 6.
Pick out the main clause and subordinate clause from the following sentence:
Medicines alone did not help if the patient did not wish to live.
Answer:
Medicines alone did not help- the main clause if the patient did not wish to live-subordinate clause.

Question 7.
Rewrite in indirect speech :
“Open the window; I want to see,” she
ordered. Sue obeyed.
Answer:
She ordered Sue to open the window as she wanted to see. Sue obeyed.

Question 8.
Pick out the non-finite verb and state what it is:
He always talked of his coming masterpiece.
Answer:
coming – present participle

Question 9.
Rewrite as an affirmative sentence:
In those days, it was not easy to cure pneumonia patients.
Answer:
In those days, it was difficult to cure pneumonia patients.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.3 The Last Leaf

Question 10.
Rewrite using the positive form of the adjective:
They are falling faster now.
Answer:
They were not falling as fast as before.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Class 8 English Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince Textbook Questions and Answers

2.5 The Happy Prince Warming Up:

1. There are different types of short stories. Use a dictionary/the Internet and find out what each of the following types refers to:

(a) fable :
(b) anecdote :
(c) fairy tale :
(d) parable :
(e) tragedy :
(f) humorous story :
(g) detective story :
(h) myth :
Answer:
(a) fable: moral bearing story with animal characters.
(b) anecdote: short amusing account of an incident.
(c) fairy tale: having supernatural characters/a moral for children.
(d) parable: having religious base and a message or moral.
(e) tragedy: serious and ends in a tragedy.
(f) humorous story: causing laughter and amusement; comic.
(g) detective story: the plot revolves around the investigation and solving of a crime/s.
(h) myth: originated in ancient times, authorship unknown.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

2. Have you heard of birds that fly from one part of the world to another in small or large flocks?
They are called Migratory birds. Discuss and write down two reasons why they migrate and return.
Answer:
Migratory birds’ migrate for food and for warmth. They return when the food supplies in their home area stabilize and winter changes to summer again.

3. Speech or dialogues can be reported in two ways Direct and Indirect.
When the exact words of the speaker are reported we call it Direct Speech. When the exact words of the speaker are not reported, but just its contents we call it Indirect Speech.
Direct Speech: Amar said, “I shall come to meet you, tomorrow, Sanket.”
Indirect Speech: Amar told Sanket that he would go to meet him, the next day.
Note down the changes you observe in the Indirect Speech.
Answer:

  • There are no inverted commas in j Indirect Speech.
  • The verb changes in Indirect ) Speech.
  • There is a change in the adverb in Indirect Speech.
  • The word‘that’is added in Indirect Speech.

1. Say whether these sentences are true or false and correct the false ones.

Question a.
The writer of the story is Wiiliam Blake.
Answer:
False
The writer of the story is Oscar wilde

Question b.
Everyone admired the statue of the Happy Prince.
Answer:
True

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question c.
The mother was working, when the Swallow brought the yellow jewel.
Answer:
False
The mother was sleeping when the Swallow brought the yellow jewel.

Question d.
The two best things the servants brought to God were gold and jewel stones.
Answer:
False
The two best things the servants brought to God were broken heart and dead bird.

2. Find from the story the Homophones of the following words:
(Words that sound, the same, but differ in spellings and meanings.)
a. weak
b. their
c. blew
d. seo
e. read
f. waste
g. know
h. knot
i. threw
j. right
Answer:
a. weak – week
b. their – there
c. blew – blue
d. sea – see
e. read – – red
f. waste – waist
g. know – no
h. knot – not
i. threw – through
j. right – write

3. Answer the given questions in your own words:

Question a.
Where was the Happy Prince’s statue located?
Answer:
The Happy Prince statue located high above the city.

Question b.
Why did the swallow decide to stay under the statue of the Happy Prince at night?
Answer:
The Swallow decided to stay under the statue of the Happy Prince at night because it was high up, and so there was plenty of fresh air.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question c.
Why was the Prince sad?
Answer:
The Prince was sad to see all unhappiess of the city.

Question d.
What was the first task given to the Swallow?
Answer:
The Happy Prince asked the Swallow to take the great red jewel from his waist and give it to a poor woman whose son was ill and hungry. This was the Swallow’s first task.

Question e.
To whom did the Prince gift the two gemstones of his eyes?
Answer:
The prince gave one of the two gemstones of his eyes to a Door little girl whose eggs had fallen to the ground and broken.

Question f.
What decision did the Swallow finally make? Was it a wise one? Comment.
Answer:
The Swallow finally decided not to go to Egypt but to remain with the Happy Prince, whom he loved very much. It may not have been a wise decision because it led to the death of the Swallow, but it was a decision made from the heart and was an emotional decision that was rewarded in heaven.

Question g.
Why did the Swallow finally decide not to leave the Prince?
Answer:
The Swallow finally decided not to leave the prince because he loved him very much.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question h.
What message do you get from this story?
Answer:
The message that we get from this story is that we should be loyal, generous, and compassionate. We will not only get peace when on earth but will also get appreciation and reward in heaven.

4. inflnitives, Participles, Gerunds:

(a) Infinitives
In the sentences ‘1 have to study’ and ‘ I must study’, ‘study’ is in the infinitive form, because it does not take -s, -es or -cd aller it even if the number or person of the Subject changes.
Infinitives are generally preceded by ‘to’ or sometimes by a modal auxiliary.

(b) Participles
In the sentences ‘She dived into the swimming pool’ and ‘The writing table is in a mess’ ‘Swimming’ and ‘writing’ are in the verb + ing form and function as Adjectives. These are Present Pcirticiples. In the sentences, ‘The police recovered the stolen jewels’ and ‘He bandaged his
bruised arm’, stolen and bruised are in the verb + en I ed form and function as Adjectives.

(c) Gerunds
In the sentences, ‘I love swimming’ and ‘Reading is a good habit’, the verb + ing form fuction as Nouns (as the Subject or Object). These are called Verbal Nouns or Gerunds.

Say whether the underlined are Infinitives/Participles (Present or Past) Gerunds.

2.5 The Happy Prince 8 Question 1.
I wish to go to Egypt.
Answer:
Infinitive

The Happy Prince Question Answer Question 2.
They liked his written stories.
Answer:
Participle(past)

The Happy Prince Class 8 Question Answer Question 3.
He is trying to finish a story.
Answer:
Infinitive

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

The Happy Prince Questions And Answers Class 8 Question 4.
Suffering is stranger than anything.
Answer:
Gerund

The Happy Prince Story Questions And Answers Question 5.
The dying swallow fell at his feet.
Answer:
Participle(Present)

The Happy Prince Class 8 Solutions Question 6.
He began to cry.
Answer:
Infinitive

Happy Prince Question And Answer Question 7.
He watched the working seamen
Answer:
Participle(Present)

5. Write the following dialogues from the story in the Indirect Speech:

(a) ‘Who are you?’ asked the bird. ‘I am the Happy Prince.’
‘Then why are you crying? I am wet with your tears.’

(b) The Happy Prince looked very sad, and the little Swallow was sorry for him. ‘It is very cold here,’ he said ‘but I will stay with you for one night. Tomorrow I will take the jewel.’
‘Thank you, little bird,’ said the prince.

(c) ‘Little bird, little bird,’ said the prince, ‘please will you stay with me for one more night?’
‘My friends arc waiting for me.’ answered the bird.

(d) Under a bridge, two little boys were lying close together to keep warm.
‘We are so hungry!’ they said. ‘You cannot lie there!’ shouted a guard.

(e) ‘Goodbye, dear prince!’ he said.
‘I urn glad that you are going to Egypt,’ said the prince. ‘You have stayed too long.’I am not going to Egypt,’ said the Swallow. ‘I am going to the House of God’

6. Divide the story into parts. Make 4 groups in your class. Each group should take one of the 4 parts to convert the story into a play and enact your part.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

7. If you could change the end of the story i.e. after the Swallow refused to fly to Egypt. how would you change it? Summarise your idea in 10 to 12 lines.
Answer:

Summary of the idea : A MIRACLE

The Swallow, battling the bitter cold, refuses to fly to Egypt and continues to live with the prince to support him in his time of need. God sees this love and friendship among the two and decides to do something. He restores the prince to his glory. The Happy Prince becomes golden and beautiful once again and is admired by all. The little Swallow develops extra layers of feathers to protect him from the cold, and the two continue to live with each other. The prince continues to be generous, but his wealth never diminishes. The Swallow is his messenger and informant. They become immortal. The two realize that these miracles are the work of God and they look towards heaven to thank God.

8. Think of one of your favorite stories. Fill in the following facts about the story:

  • Name of the story:
  • Type of story:
  • Setting (time and place):
  • ImportQnt characters:
  • Theme/Plot:
    Conflict/Dilemmu:
  • Solution:
  • End:

Answer:

  • Name of the story: Pride and Prejudice
  • Type of story: Romantic/Social
  • Setting (time and place): the early 1800s in England
  • Important characters: Elizabeth and Jane Bennet, Mrs. Bennet, Darcy.
  • Theme/Plot: The emotional development of the main characters.
  • Conflict/Dilemma: Darcy is rich and proud Elizabeth is strongly prejudiced against him. Their status and
  • lifestyles differ. However, they are attracted to each other.
  • Solution: How they overcome their prejudices and come together forms the main story of the novel.
  • End: Darcy and Elizabeth overcome their prejudices and their true emotions come through. The end is a happy one with everything ending well.

Class 8 English Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince Additional Important Questions and Answers

Say whether the following sentences are True or False and correct the false ones:

Question 1.
One night a little swallow flew over the city with his friends.
Answer:
False
Corrected Sentence: One night a little l swallow flew alone over the city

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question 2.
The Happy Prince saw that the Swallow was crying.
Answer:
False
Corrected Sentence: The Swallow saw that the Happy Prince was crying.

Question 3.
The Swallow felt sorry for the Happy Prince.
Answer:
True

Complete the following:

Question 1.
The Happy Prince’s statue was located ______.
Answer:
high above the city

Question 2.
The drops that fell on the swallow were ______.
Answer:
the tears from the eyes of the Happy Prince

Question 3.
The Swallow decided to stay under the statue of the Happy Prince at night ; because ______.
Answer:
it was high up, and so there was ; plenty of fresh air

Question 4.
The Prince was sad _________.
Answer:
to see all the unhappiness of the city

Question 5.
The first gift from the Happy Prince was _______.
Answer:
a great red jewel from his waist

Question 6.
he Swallow felt warm because ______.
Answer:
he had done a good thing

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question 7.
The clever man was surprised _____.
Answer:
to see a swallow in the city in winter

Question 8.
The prince gave a _____ one of the two gemstones of his eyes.
Answer:
poor writer

Question 9.
The writer was trying hard ________.
Answer:
to complete the story

Question 10.
It was easy to get into the young man’s room because __________.
Answer:
there was a hole in the roof

Question 11.
The Swallow refused to take off the other eye because _______.
Answer:
then the prince would not be able to see

Question 11.
The prince gave one of the two gemstones of his eyes to _______.
Answer:
a poor little girl whose eggs had fallen to the ground and broken

Question 13.
Use the word ‘see’ and its ’ homophones in a single sentence of your own.
Answer:
sea-see: The children went all the way from Indore to Mumbai to see the sea.

Pick out the finite and non-finite verbs in the following sentence:

And he decided to fly away.
Answer:
decided-finite verb;
to fly-non- finite verb.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Personal Response:

Have you ever observed statues and admired them? Name some.
Answer:
I admire statues which Eire artistic or tell us a story. For example, some of the statues of Shivaji are very well carved, with all the details. However, most of the time j statues in India are neglected, and only ! serve as resting places for birds.

Give reasons:

Question 1.
The mother was forced to ignore her ailing son.
Answer:
The mother was forced to ignore her ailing son as she did not have money to buy food, and could only give him water from the river. She was busy making a ; dress for one of the queen’s ladies. After doing this, she was so tired that she fell asleep.

Question 2.
What was the first task given to the Swallow?
Answer:
The Happy Prince asked the Swallow to take the great red jewel from his waist and give it to a poor woman whose son was ill and hungry. This was the Swallow’s first task.

Question 3.
The Swallow wished to go to Egypt.
Answer:
It was winter, and it would soon begin snowing. The Swallow would not be able to bear this cold weather. So, he wished to go to Egypt where the sun was warm and the leaves were green.

Find from the passage the Homophones of the following words:

  1. read
  2. threw

Answer:

  1. read-red
  2. threw-through

Write the noun forms of the following words:

  1. poor
  2. flew
  3. warm
  4. ill

Answer:

  1. poverty
  2. flight
  3. warmth
  4. illness

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Complex Factual Activities:

Question 1.
Why was the writer unable to complete his story?
Answer:
The writer was very cold, weak and hungry. There was no fire in his room. Due to all these reasons, he was unable to complete his story.

Question 2.
What did the writer conclude when he saw the blue jewel?
Answer:
When the writer saw the blue jewel, he concluded that it was a gift from someone who had read and liked his books.

Rewrite as an affirmative sentence:

But he is very cold and he cannot write.
Answer:
But he is very cold and he is unable to write.

Personal Response:

Have you seen birds migrating/flying in groups or information?
Answer:
Yes, I have. I did not realize what it meant in the beginning, but later I saw a documentary film about migratory birds. I like the way they fly in a formation, all of them flying at the same speed. I often wonder how they know where to go and what to do.

Complete the table and write who said the given words and to whom:

Question 1.

The words Who said them To whom
(1) You cannot see now
(2) She has no money to take home.
(3) This is a beautiful piece of glass!
(4) You must go to Egypt

Answer:

The words Who said them To whom
(1) You cannot see now The Swallow The prince
(2) She has no money to take home. The prince The Swallow
(3) This is a beautiful piece of glass! The little girl The Swallow
(4) You must go to Egypt The prince The Swallow

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Complete the table:

Question 1.

Positive Comparative Superlative
strange
beautiful
dear
wonderful

Answer:

Positive Comparative Superlative
strange stranger strangest
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
dear dearer dearest
wonderful more wonderful most wonderful

Underline the pronouns in the following sentences:

Question 1.
She is selling eggs. her eggs have fallen on the ground and they are broken.
Answer:
She is selling eggs. Her eggs have fallen on the ground and they are broken.

Question 2.
“I will stay with you,” repeated the Swallow, and he slept at the Prince’s feet.
Answer:
“I will stay with you,” repeated the Swallow, and he slept at the Prince’s feet.

Personal Response:

How does the suffering of other people affect you?
Answer:
I feel very bad when I see someone suffering. I don’t like to see even animals suffer, and I often have fights with boys who are cruel to animals. If I see someone suffering, I try to help them if it is possible. I plan to become a doctor when I grow up so that I can help those who are in pain.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Complete the table and write who said the given words to whom:

Question 1.

The words Who said them To whom
(1) You cannot lie there!
(2) Yes, you have brought the right things.

Answer:

The words Who said them To whom
(1) You cannot lie there! A guard Two little boys
(2) Yes, you have brought the right things. God His servants

Complex Factual Activities:

Question 1.
Describe the sufferings that the Swallow discovered and reported to the prince.
Answer:
The Swallow saw poor people sitting at the gate. He flew into the dark streets, where he saw hungry and sad children. Many children were cold and were treated badly by the guards in the city. These were the sufferings that the Swallow discovered and reported to the prince.

Question 2.
In what state did the important man in the city find the statue?
Answer:
The important man in the city found the statue looking dull. The red stone and the gemstones of the eyes had disappeared. The statue was not golden any longer, and looked like that of a beggar. There was also a dead swallow at the feet of the statue.

Question 3.
Why did the servants of God take the broken heart and the dead bird to God?
Answer:
The servants of God took the broken heart and the dead bird to God because they were the two best things in the city.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question 4.
Why did the Swallow finally decide not to leave the prince?
Answer:
The Swallow finally decided not to leave the prince because he loved him very much.

Question 5.
What decision did the Swallow ; finally make? Was it a wise one? Comment.
Answer:
The Swallow finally decided not to go to Egypt but to remain with the Happy Prince, whom he loved very much. It may not have been a wise decision because it led to the death of the Swallow but it was a decision made from the heart, and was an emotional decision which was rewarded in heaven.

Question 6.
What, do you think, was the part of the statue which did not melt?
Answer:
The part of the statue which did not melt was the heart of the Happy Prince.

Question 7.
What message do you get from this story?
Answer:
The message that we get from this story is that we should be loyal,generous and compassionate. We will not only get peace when on earth but will also get appreciation and reward in heaven.

Do as directed:

Question 1.
Pick out two compound words from the lesson.
Answer:
bedroom, daytime

Question 2.
Use the following phrase in your own sentence : to get in
Answer:
The thief found it difficult to get in through the narrow opening.

Question 3.
Underline the non-finite verb and say what type it is :
The boy is crying and his mother is so unhappy.
Answer:
The boy is crying and his mother is so unhappy.
crying – present participle

Question 4.
Find out four hidden words from the given word : (Each word should have at least 3 letters.)
flower
Answer:
flower: lower, flow, wolf, wore

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.5 The Happy Prince

Question 5.
Use the following word and its homophone in a single sentence : heard
Answer:
The lion heard the herd of buffaloes chasing him.

Question 6.
Rewrite using a clause in place of | the underlined phrase :
I played with my friends in a very beautiful garden.
Answer:
I played with my friends in a garden which was very beautiful.

Question 7.
Rewrite as an affirmative \ sentence :
I did not know what lay on the other l side.
Answer:
I was unaware of what lay on the j other side.

Question 8. Punctuate :
I will stay here he thought it is high up so there is plenty of fresh air :
Answer:
“I will stay here,” he thought. “It is high up, so there is plenty of fresh air.”

Question 9.
Pick out the modal auxiliary and state its function :
I  must find another place.
Answer:
I must find another place, (must- indicates compulsion.)

Question 10.
Identify the type of sentence:
Tell me what you see there.
Answer:
Imperative sentence

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Class 8 English Chapter 2.1 Vocation Textbook Questions and Answers

Warming Up

1. Pick out the words that refer to ‘means of living’ and fill them in the web:
(profession / recreation / occupation /job / pastime / employment / hobby / career / entertainment /mission/ trade / business / sports / retirement / placement)
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation 1
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation 2

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

2. Using a good dictionary. find the shades of difference in the following:

2.1 Vocation Questions And Answers Question 1.
Profession
Answer:
‘Profession’ refers to a paid occupation, especially one that involves pro-longed training and a formal qualification.

Vocation Poem Class 8 Questions And Answers Maharashtra Board Question 2.
Vocation
Answer:
‘Vocation’ refers to an occupation for which a person is specially drawn or suited.

Vocation Poem Class 8 Questions And Answers Question 3.
Business
Answer:
‘Business’ refers to the activity of buying or selling goods or services; a commercial activity done by a person at his own risk.

Vocation Poem Class 8 Question 4.
Occupation
Answer:
‘Occupation’ refers to a person’s usual or principal work or business, especially as a means of earning a living.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

3. When a word is formed from a sound associated with it, it is called an Onomatopoetic Word.

For example : bang, tap, tinkle. crash, whistle etc.
If an Onomatopoetic word occurs in the lines of a poem, the Figure of Speech in that line is Onomatopoeia.
Write down eight to ten Onomatopoetic words on your own.
Answer:

  1. buzz
  2. whoosh
  3. clang
  4. chirp
  5. clap
  6. howl
  7. hiss
  8. grunt
  9. purr
  10. quack

1. Which of the following words / phrases match in meaning to the underlined ones?
(a) deserted
(b) exposed to heat
(c) dirties the clothings
(d) no particular route
(e) following imaginary goals
(f) scolds and corrects

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Vocation Poem Class 8 Questions And Answers State Board Question 1.
nobody takes him to task ………..
Answer:
scolds and corrects

Vocation Question Answer Class 8 Question 2.
………. if he gets baked in the sun …………..
Answer:
exposed to heat

Vocation Chapter 2.1 Question Answer Question 3.
………….chasing the shadows with my lantern ……………..
Answer:
following imaginary goals

Class 6 English Vocation Questions And Answers Question 4.
The lane is dark and lonely ……………..
Answer:
deserted

Class 6 English Vocation Question Answer Question 5.
………….. he soils his clothes with dust ………….
Answer:
dirties the clothings

Question 6.
…………. There is no road he must take ………….
Answer:
no particular route

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

2. Read the poem and fill in the table.

Time of the day Location Poet’s Activity Hawker’s Activities Gardener’s Activities Watchman’s Activities
Morning
Afternoon
Night

Answer:

Time of the day Location Poet’s Activity Hawker’s Activities Gardener’s Activities Watchman’s Activities
Morning In the lane Walking to school Selling Bangles
Afternoon Near the poet’s house Walking home from school Digging the ground
Night The poet’s home Watching thr watchman from his bed. Walking up and down the street.Swinging his latern.

3. Think and answer in your own words:

Question a.
What could be the age group of the speaker in the poem?
Answer:
The speaker in the poem is a young school-going boy.

Question b.
What is the difference between a hawker and a shopkeeper?
Answer:
The difference between a hawker and a shopkeeper is that a hawker does not have a fixed shop. He goes from street to street selling his wares. A shopkeeper has a fixed shop and people who want to buy his goods must go to his shop.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Question c.
How do parents react when they see children soil their clothes in dust and heat?
Answer:
When parents see their children exposed to heat or soil their clothes in the dust, they scold them and stop them from doing it.

Question d.
Why is the street light compared to a one-red-eyed-giant?
Answer:
The street light is very tall and has a single red light at the top. Hence it is compared to a giant with one red eye.

Question e.
What exactly does the speaker in the poem crave for?
Answer:
The speaker in the poem, who is a young school-going boy, craves for complete freedom to do whatever he wants and whenever he wants. He wants freedom from authority. He wants to lead a carefree life.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Question f.
Does the poet really wish to become a hawker/gardener/watchman? Justify your response.
Answer:
The poet does not really wish to become a hawker/gardener/watchman. He is childish and sees only what he thinks is their ‘carefree’ life. He does not see the difficulties. He actually only craves for complete freedom from authority.

4. Say why the speaker of the poem wishes to be:

Question a.
Hawker:
Answer:
The speaker in the poem feels that there is nothing to hurry the hawker. There is no fixed road he must travel by, no place that he must go to and no time when he must get back home. The speaker feels he is lucky and hence he wishes to be a hawker. It means that the speaker wants to be free to do what he wants and go where he wants to, without any restrictions.

Question b.
Gardener:
Answer:
The speaker in the poem sees that the gardener in the nearby house is digging the ground. He does what he likes with his spade. He is free to get his clothes soiled with mud, get baked in the sun or get wet. No one scolds him. Hence the speaker wishes to be a gardener so that he is able to enjoy freedom in the open without any restrictions.

Question c.
Watchman:
Answer:
The speaker is in his bed Through the open window, he can see the watchman walking up and down the dark and lonely street with a lantern in his hand. The speaker is resentful that he has to go to bed. He thinks that the watchman never goes to bed in his life. Hence he wishes to become a watchman and walk up and down in the dark street at night, having fun chasing the shadows with his lantern

5. Pick outlines that contain Alliteration. Simile, Repetition, Onomatopoeia:

(a) Alliteration:
(i) ‘I can see through the gate the gardener digging the ground.’ Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘t’ and ‘g’.
(ii) ‘He does what he likes with his spade, he soils his clothes…’ Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘h’.
(iii) ‘nobody takes him to task’ Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘t’.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

(b) Simile:
‘The street lamp stands like a giant with one red eye in its head.’ The street lamp is directly compared to a giant, using the word ‘like’.

(c) Repetition:
(i) The words ‘Bangles, crystal bangles’ are repeated to create images in our mind of the hawker.
(ii) The words ‘no’ and ‘nobody’ are repeated for emphasis.

(d) Onomatopoeia:
‘the gong sounds ten’ : the word ‘gong’ is an onomatopoeic word formed from the sound associated with it.

6. Some poets do not use uniformity in rhyming words, nor a steady rhythm. Such poems with no uniformity in rhyme, rhythm, length of lines, or stanzas are called Free Verse. Walt Whitman, Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Rabindranath Tagore are some famous poets who have composed poems in Free Verse.
A quick glance at the poem Vocution’ reveals that the style used by Tagore is Free Verse.
Now turn the pages of your textbook and see if you can find other poems in Free Verse.

7. ‘occupation/profession/business would you like to take up in the future?
Prepare a fact file for the same using the following points.

  1. Name of the vocation / profession / business ……….
  2. Educational qualifications required ………..
  3. Work profile/description………..
  4. Opportunities for advancement …………..
  5. our personal skills/talents for the choice …………..

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Answer:

  1. Name of the vocation/profession/business: Engineering
  2. Educational qualifications required: B.E/B.Tech
  3. Work profile/description: Setting up of projects/setting up plants/inventing new instruments and machines
  4. Opportunities for advancement: Excellent in a developing country like India
  5. Your personal skills/talents for the choice: My interest in seeing how various machines work and my talent in repairing simple instruments.

8. Read and understand the following poem paper Boats’ and write its paraphrase in your own simple language. (You may take the help of a dictionary or the internet.) The first line is done for you.
(Day after day. one after another. I sail paper boats on the stream of flowing water.)
Answer:

Paper Boats

Day after day, one after another, I sail paper boats on the stream of flowing water. I write my name and the name of my village on the boats in big black letters. I hope that someone in some strange land will find them and know who I am. I fill my little boats with ‘shiuli’ flowers and hope that these flowers which I have picked at dawn will be carried safely to land in the night.

I set my paper boats in motion and look up at the sky. The little clouds have white bulging tails behind them that look like the sails of a boat. I do not know if there is a young child like me up in the sky, who wants to play with me, and sends his boats down through the air to race with my boats.
When it is night, I bury my face in my arms and dream that my paper boats are floating in the air under the stars at midnight. The fairies who bring sleep are sailing in them, and they are filling their baskets with dreams.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Class 8 English Chapter 2.1 Vocation Additional Important Questions and Answers

Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the complete sentence:

Vocation Question Answer Question 1.
The hawker is advertising aloud for selling metal bangles/crystal bangles.
Answer:
The hawker is advertising aloud for selling crystal bangles.

Vocation Poem Class 6 Question 2.
The narrator/The gardener is scolded if he gets dirty.
Answer:
The narrator is scolded if he gets dirty.

Vocation Std 8 Questions And Answers Question 3.
The speaker in the poem is a young school-going boy/an adult going to work.
Answer:
The speaker in the poem is a young school-going boy.

Complete the following:

Question 1.
The difference between a hawker and a shopkeeper is _____.
Answer:
that a hawker does not have a fixed shop. He goes from street to street selling his wares. A shopkeeper has a fixed shop and people who want to buy his goods must go to his shop

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 2.1 Vocation

Question 2.
When parents see their children exposed to heat or soil their clothes in the dust, they ________.
Answer:
scold them and stop them from doing it.

Question 3.
The watchman is accompanied by _______.
Answer:
his lantern and his shadow.

Question 4.
The street lamp appears to be _______.
Answer:
a giant with one red eye in its head.

Question 5.
Analysis/Appreciation Of The Poem
Answer:

  1. Poem and poet: ‘Vocation’ by Rabindranath Tagore
  2. Theme: The longing of a young boy for freedom.
  3. Tone: direct; full of craving
  4. Structure and stanzas: Stanzas of unequal length; the number and length of lines vary.
  5. Rhyme and Rhythm: No rhymes or rhythm; the poem is in Free Verse.
  6. Language and Imagery: Simple and direct; vivid images of the hawker, the j gardener and the watchman.
  7. Figures of Speech: Alliteration, Simile, Repetition, Onomatopoeia.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Class 8 History Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options:

Fulfillment Of Struggle For Independence Question 1.
There were more than six hundred small and big …………….. in India.
(a) states
(b) villages
(c) princely states
(d) cities
Answer:
(c) princely states

Fulfillment Of Struggle For Independence Class 8 Question 2.
All the princely states merged with India except the states of Junagad, ……………. and Kashmir.
(a) Aundh
(b) Jhansi
(c) Vadodara
(d) Hyderabad
Answer:
(d) Hyderabad

2. Explain the following statements with reasons :

Struggle Chapter 13 Question 1.
Junagad merged with India.
Answer:

  1. Junagad was a princely state in Saurashtra.
  2. The Nawab of Junagad wanted to merge the state with Pakistan.
  3. It was opposed by the people vigorously as they wanted the merger with India.
  4. Due to this, the Nawab fled to Pakistan and Junagad was merged with India in February, 1948.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

13 Fulfillment Of Struggle For Independence Question 2.
The Indian government started police action against the Nizam.
Answer:

  1. Hyderabad State Congress passed a resolution for a merger of Hyderabad state with India in July 1947.
  2. The Nizam took an anti-India stand and tried for a merger with Pakistan.
  3. The Razakar organisation of Kasim Rizvi committed atrocities on Hindus as well as Muslims who supported the democratic movement.
  4. The Nizam did not respond to the appeal of the Government of India for peaceful negotiations.
  5. At last, the Government of India started police action on 13 September, 1948 and the state of Hyderabad was merged with India.

Class 8 History Chapter 13 Questions And Answers Question 3.
Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession with India.
Answer:

  1. Hari Singh the ruler of Kashmir, had decided to retain the independence of Kashmir.
  2. Pakistan was keen to secure the merger of Kashmir with itself.
  3. So, Pakistan began to put pressure on Hari Singh for this purpose.
  4. At the instigation of Pakistan, the armed intruders attacked Kashmir in October, 1947.

Therefore, Hari Singh signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’ with India.

3. Answer the following in Brief:

Question 1.
Explain the contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the integration of the Princely States in India.
Answer:

  1. The problem of the merger of the princely states was very tactfully handled by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the then Home Minister of India.
  2. He convinced the Princes that the merger of their states with India was in their interest.
  3. He prepared the ‘Instrument of Accession’, acceptable to all.
  4. The Princes accepted the proposal and all the states except Junagad, Kashmir and Hyderabad were merged with India.
  5. These three states, too, were merged with India subsequently.
  6. Thus, he took a firm stand and solved the issue of merger of princely states.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 2.
Explain the contribution of Swami Ramananda Tirth in the struggle for liberation of Hyderabad.
Answer:

  1. Hyderabad was the largest princely state in India.
  2. The autocratic ruler, Nizam had denied civil and political rights to the people.?
  3. In 1938, Swami Ramananda Tirth formed Hyderabad State Congress.
  4. As Nizam banned his organisation, a struggle began for getting recognition to Hyderabad State Congress and democratic rights.
  5. In July, 1947 a resolution was passed by the Hyderabad State Congress for its merger with India.
  6. Swami Ramananda Tirth was assisted by Narayan Reddy and Siraj-ul-Hasan Tirmiji in his efforts.

Project:

Gather information and pictures related to the struggle for liberation of Hyderabad. Organise a Poster Exhibition based on it in the history department.

Class 8 History Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence Additional Important Questions and Answers

Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options:

Question 1.
Due to the influence of …………….., there was beginning of political awakening among the princely states.
(a) Champaranya Satyagraha
(b) Civil Disobedience Movement
(c) Non-Co-operation Movement
(d) Quit India Movement
Answer:
(c) Non-Co-operation Movement

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 2.
Junagadh was a princely state in ……………… .
(a) Kutch
(b) Saurashtra
(c) South Gujarat
(d) East Gujarat
Answer:
(b) Saurashtra

Question 3.
Through ‘Vande Mataram’ movement ……………… participated in the struggle for liberation of Hyderabad.
(a) farmers
(b) workers
(c) students
(d) Nizam’s army
Answer:
(c) students

Question 4.
……………… is celebrated as ‘Marathwada Mukti Din’.
(a) 13 September
(b) 19 December
(c) 2 August
(d) 17 September
Answer:
(d) 17 September

Question 5.
There was significant contribution of ……………… Samaj in the Hyderabad Mukti Sangram.
(a) Arya
(b) Satyashodhak
(c) Brahmo
(d) Prarthana
Answer:
(a) Arya

Question 6.
The youth of Azad Gomantak Dal made an armed attack and liberated the territories of ……………… from Portuguese rule.
(a) Diu and Daman
(b) Goa
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(d) Chandianagai and Mahe
Answer:
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 7.
In 1949, France held a plebiscite in ………………
(a) Mahe
(b) Karaikal
(c) Puducheri
(d) Chandranagar
Answer:
(d) Chandranaga

Question 8.
……………… was an aggressive leader in this struggle for liberation of Goa.
(a) Swami Ramananda Tilth
(b) Govindbhai Shioff
(c) Mohan Ranade
(d) Babasaheb Paianjpe
Answer:
(c) Mohan Ranade

Name the following:

Question 1.
Founder of ‘Razakar’ in Princely state of Hyderabad.
Answer:
Kasim Rizvi

Question 2.
Founder of Hyderabad State Congress.
Answer:
Swami Ramananda Tirth

Question 3
Founder of Goa Congress Committee.
Answer:
Dr. T.B. Cunha

Question 4.
Took a firm stand in solving the issue of Princely States.
Answer:
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Answer the following questions in one sentence :

Question 1.
Which European powers had control over some parts of India after Independence?
Answer:
The Portuguese and French powers had control over some parts of India after Independence.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 2.
What are Praja Mandals?
Answer:
People formed organisations like Prajamandals which worked for people’s interests in the princely states and for securing political rights for them.

Question 3.
Which languages were spoken in the princely state of Hyderabad?
Answer:
Telugu, Kannada and Marathi were the languages spoken in the princely state of Hyderabad.

Question 4.
What is ‘Operation Polo’?
Answer:
Indian government started the police action against the Nizam to merge the princely state of Hyderabad with India. It was symbolically called ‘Operation Polo’.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 5.
Which organisations were formed by people to secure civil and political rights in princely state of Hyderabad?
Answer:
To secure civil and political rights in Hyderabad princely state, people formed organisations such as Andhra Parishad in Telangana region, Maharashtra Parishad in the Marathwada region and Karnataka Parishad in the Karnataka region.

Do as Directed :

Complete the concept map :

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 1
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 2

Question 2.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 3
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 4

Show the events during merger of Hyderabad princely states on timeline:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 5
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence 6

Answer the following in Brief :

Question 1.
Write about contribution of Marathwada in the struggle for liberation of Hyderabad.
Answer:
The contribution of Marathwada in the liberation of Hyderabad is as follows :

  1. To secure civil and political rights of the people in the region, MaharashtraParishad was formed.
  2. Many eminent leaders like Ved Prakash, Govind Pansare, etc. from Marathwada led the Hyderabad liberation struggle.
  3. Through ‘Vande Mataram’ Movement many students participated in the movement.
  4. Many sacrificed their lives in this historical struggle.
  5. The people and leaders of Marathwada had a lion’s share in Hyderabad liberation struggle.

Question 2.
Why was the struggle for independence not over in spite of India gaining independence?
Answer:

  1. When India got independence, there were more than six hundred princely states.
  2. The French and Portuguese powers too controlled some parts of India.
  3. It was essential to merge these regions with India.

Therefore, the struggle for independence continued in spite of India gaining independence.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Question 3.
Write about the contribution of Dr. T. B. Kunha for the liberation of Goa.
Answer:

  1. Dr. T. B. Kunha was in the forefront of the struggle to liberate Goa from the Portuguese rule.
  2. He worked to bring about awakening among the people against the Portuguese Government.
  3. With an objective of carrying out the struggle, he founded the Goa Congress Committee.
  4. He founded the Goa Youth League in Mumbai in 1945.
  5. He entered Goa in 1946 and was sentenced to eight years imprisonment for the violation of the ban on public speeches.

Explain the following statements with reasons :

Question 1.
Merger of the Princely States was essential.
Answer:

  1. When India got independence there were more than six hundred princely states in India.
  2. If the princely states had remained independent, India would have been split into hundreds of territorial fragments.
  3. The dream of Indian National Congress of undivided India would have remained incomplete.
  4. Moreover, the organisations in the princely states had started movements to secure rights.
  5. It was necessary to free the people from the autocratic rule in the princely states.
  6. Some princely states started carrying out movements for merging with Pakistan.

Question 2.
All India States People’s Conference was formed in 1927.
Answer:

  1. There was political awakening among the people of princely states due to influence of non-co-operation movement.
  2. Praja Mandals were formed to secure the political rights for the people in the Princely states and to work for their interest.
  3. All the Praja Mandals came together and formed an “All India States People’s Conference, in 1927 which gave an impetus to the freedom movement.

Question 3.
Many organisations were formed in the Hyderabad Princely State.
Answer:

  1. There were Telugu, Kannada and Marathi speaking regions in princely state of Hyderabad.
  2. There was absence of civil and political rights under the autocratic rule of the Nizam.
  3. To secure these rights organisations were formed in the princely states of Hyderabad.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 13 Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

Answer the following in detail:

Question 1.
Give information about Goa Liberation Movement.
Answer:

  1. Portuguese refused to hand over territories under its possession to India.
  2. Dr. T. B. Kunha was in the forefront to lead the struggle.
  3. He formed the organisation like ‘Goa Congress Committee’ and ‘Goa Youth League’.
  4. He worked to bring about an awakening of the people against the Portuguese government.
  5. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1946 for violating a ban on public speeches.
  6. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia started a Satyagraha for liberation of Goa.
  7. He was deported by the Portuguese as he violated a ban and delivered a public speech at Madgaon in Goa in 1946.
  8. The youths of the Azad Gomantak Dal liberated Dadra and Nagar Haveli from the Portuguese rule on 2 August, 1954.
  9. The Portuguese rulers committed unlimited tyranny and atrocities on the Satyagrahis sent by Goa Mukti Samiti from Maharashtra in 1954.
  10. As the negotiations between the Government and the Portuguese did not succeed, the Indian government unwillingly took the decision of using military force.
  11. On 19 December, 1961, Goa was finally liberated from the dominion of the Portuguese.

Question 2.
How was the integration of the French occupied territories brought about?
Answer:

  1. Even after the independence of India, the regions of Chandranagar, Puduchcheri, Karaikal, Mahe and Yaman were in the possession of the French.
  2. People were keen to merge with India.
  3. The Indian Government demanded that these territories should be handed over to it.
  4. In 1949, the French-occupied territory of Chandranagar was transferred to India in view of the result of the plebiscite undertaken there.
  5. Thereafter, the remaining territories in the French possession were also handed over to India without any problem.

Question 3.
What would have happened if the Princely States would not have merged with India?
Answer:
Had the Princely States remained independent, the following could have been the result :

  1. The people in the princely states would never have got freedom and they would have faced injustice.
  2. The feeling of unity would have never developed among Indians due to the independent princely states.
  3. They would have created trouble in the development of India.
  4. Even the boundaries of India would not have remained safe.
  5. Injustice on the population, encroachment by the princely states and many other issues would have risen.
  6. Thus, It would have threatened the peace and security of India.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Class 8 English Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold Textbook Questions and Answers

Warming Up:

1. Stories can be told even in the form of poetry. Such poems are called Narrative poems. Narrative poems do not always follow rhythmic patterns ola fixed rhyme scheme. Such poems are written ¡na style culled ‘Free Verse.’Recall and name some narrative poems you have done/read earlier.
Answer:
Students can discuss and think about the narrative poems in Free Verse done/read earlier e.g. ‘Vocation’ by Rabindranath Tagore.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

2. Read the poem below and fill in the gaps, choosing appropriate pairs of rhyming words, to make them meaningful.

little things

Little drops of water,
Little groins of …………
Make the mighty ocean
And the pleasant …………
Thus the little minutes,
Humble though they ………..
Make the mighty ages
Of …………
Little deeds of kindness,
Little words of ………..
Make this earth an Eden,
Like the heaven a ………..

Answer:

Little things

Little drops of water,
Little grains of sand
Make the mighty ocean
And the pleasant land.
Thus the little minutes,
Humble though they be,
Make the mighty ages
Of eternity.
Little deeds of kindness,
Little words of love
Make this earth an Eden,
Like the heaven above.

What important messue does the aboe poem convey?
Answer:
It conveys the message that even little acts and gestures are important.We must not think that something is unimportant or insignificant just because it is small.

1. Pick out words from the poem to complete the sentences meaningfully:

Question a.
Stephen Hawking was a ________(famous) Astrophysicist.
Answer:
Renowned.

Question b.
The Government made a ________(announcement) about their new taxation policy.
Answer:
Proclamation.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Question c.
Everyone stood _______ (horrified) when the terrible accident took place.
Answer:
aghast.

Question d.
She _________(bargained) with the hawker to reduce the price.
Answer:
wrangled.

Question e.
Handicapped people should never be ______ (ignored and avoided)
Answer:
shunned.

2. Make a list of archaic words from the poem and give their modern equivalents.
Answer:

Archaic words Modern equivalents
Wondrous wonderful
Loveth loves
Dropt dropped
writ written
bestowed presented

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

3. Rearrange the following in the proper order and insert them into a flow chart as per the poem:

(a) The plate turned to lead, when it was gifted to false-hearted claimants.
(b) Many claimants donated their wealth to receive the plate of gold.
(e) For almost two years, no clQimants received the plate of gold.
(d) A plate of gold fell in a temple from Heaven.
(e) The peasant offered comfort and courage to a blind miserable beggar. whom all had ignored.
(f) The priests announced that the one who loved God most of all, would receive the gift from Heaven.
(g) When the priest gave the plate of gold to that peasant, it shone with thrice its lustre.
(h) A simple peasant, who had nothing to offer, came to that temple.
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 1

4. Which two sayings about God are conveyed through the poem bThe Plate of Gold’?
(a) God helps those, who help themselves.
(b) God loves those, who love their fellow beings.
(c) God loves those, who give away their wealth, to please Him.
(d) Service to mankind is service to God.
Answer:
(b) God loves those, who love their fellow beings.
(d) Service to mankind is service to God.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

5. ‘But the peasant bowed and prayed to God ‘ What could he have prayed for?
Answer:
The peasant must have prayed for the well-being of all human beings and asked God to help everyone to bear their troubles bravely.

6. Imagine that you are the peasant. Compose a short prayer to God, after having received the plate of gold. Write it using stylish handwriting.

7. Read other poems by Leigh Hunt. especially ‘Abou Ben Adhem’. Compare the messages in that poem with those in ‘The Plate of Gold’. What do you
observe?

Class 8 English Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold Additional Important Questions and Answers

Complete the web:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 6
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 7

Name the following:

The Plate Of Gold Questions And Answers Question 1.
They made a proclamation:
Answer:
the priests

3.1 The Plate Of Gold Questions And Answers Question 2.
A gift from heaven:
Answer:
a plate of gold

3.1 The Plate Of Gold Question 3.
People assembled at this time:
Answer:
midday

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

The Plate Of Gold Question Answer Question 4.
The plate became this again when it touched the floor:
Answer:
gold

Complete the following:

The Plate Of Gold Questions And Answers Std 8 Question 1.
The plate of gold could be claimed by _______.
Answer:
the person who loved his fellow beings the best

The Plate Of Gold Poem Questions And Answers Question 2.
The priests gifted the plate of gold to ______.
Answer:
a man who within the year had distributed his whole estate among the poor

The Plate Of Gold Class 8 Question 3.
The poor peasant offered the blind beggar _____.
Answer:
sincere pity and love.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Answer the following:

Question 1.
What magical occurrence shocked the people?
Answer:
The golden plate turned to lead when touched by the man, and became gold again when it fell on the floor.
This magical occurrence shocked the people.

Question 2.
Pick out an example of Alliteration from the extract.
Answer:
‘A wondrous plate of gold, whereon these words were writ’. Repetition of the sound of ‘w’.

Question 3.
Pick out an example of Simile from the extract.
Answer:
‘The news ran as swift as light.’ The movement of the news is directly compared to the movement of light.

Question 4.
Pick out an example of Onomatopoeia from the extract.
Answer:
‘……… drop it clanging on the floor’. The word ‘clanging’ indicates sound.

Question 5.
Pick out an example of Inversion from the extract.
Answer:
‘……… the priests in solemn council sat and heard’. The correct prose order is: the priests sat and heard in solemn council.

Write if the following sentences are True or False:

Question 1.
The priests did not award the plate to anyone.
Answer:
False

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Question 2.
There were very few beggars near the temple gate.
Answer:
False

Question 3.
The beggars got a lot of alms.
Answer:
True

Question 4.
The peasant was well aware of the race for the plate.
Answer:
False

Give reasons:

Question 1.
Many beggars had collected outside the temple.
Answer:
The golden plate from Heaven was to be bestowed on the person who loved his fellow beings the most. The people who came to the temple would want to prove their love by giving alms. Hence many beggars had collected outside the temple to receive the bountiful alms.

Question 2.
The pilgrims to the temple showered coins on the beggars.
Answer:
The golden plate from Heaven was to be bestowed on the person who loved his fellow beings the most. In order to prove that their love was the best and hence they were worthy of the plate, the pilgrims to the temple showered coins on the beggars.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Question 3.
What did the pilgrims fail to do?
Answer:
The pilgrims failed to see the unhappiness in the eyes of the beggars.

Match the adjectives in Column A with the nouns in Column B:

Question 1.

A B
(1) maimed (a) hands
(2) outstretched (b) pity
(3) simple (c) beggars
(4) sweet (d) peasant

Answer:

  1. maimed – beggars
  2. outstretched – hands
  3. simple – peasant
  4. sweet – pity

Activities based on Poetic Devices:

Question 1.
Pick out an example of Inversion from the extract.
Answer:
‘So for another twelve months sat the priests and judged.’ The correct prose order is: So for another twelve months the priests sat and judged.

Question 2.
Pick out an example of Repetition from the extract.
Answer:
‘Thrice they awarded thrice did Heaven refuse the gift.’ The word thrice is repeated for emphasis and rhythm.

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Complete the following:

Question 1.
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 4
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold 2

Give reasons:

Question 1.
God had chosen the simple peasant as the most deserving of the plate of gold.
Answer:
The simple peasant offered the blind beggar sincere sympathy and love, which came from the depth of his heart.
He had no hidden motive for what he did. Hence God chose him as the most deserving of the plate of gold.

Question 2.
‘But the peasant bowed and prayed to God What could he have prayed for?
Answer:
The peasant must have prayed for the well-being of all human beings, and asked God to help everyone to bear their troubles bravely

Maharashtra Board Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 3.1 The Plate of Gold

Question 3.
Make a list of archaic words from the extract and give their modem equivalents:
Answer:

Archaic words Modem equivalents
thou You
thy Your
o’er Over
thine yours
lovest loves

Question 4.
Pick out an example of Inversion from the extract.
Answer:
And took both palms in his, and softly said.
The correct prose order should be: And took both palms in his, and said softly

Analysis/Appreciation of the Poem
Answer:

  • Poem and poet: The Plate of j Gold’ by James Henry Leigh Hunt.
  • Theme: God loves those who love their fellow beings Service to mankind is service to God.
  • Tone: A narrative, serious and moralistic.
  • Structure and stanzas: No uniformity in stanzas or the length of lines.
  • Rhyme and Rhythm: No rhyme scheme or rhythm; free verse.
  • Language and Imagery: Archaic language; plenty of imagery, especially when describing the peasant and the beggar.
  • Figures of Speech: Inversion, Repetition, Onomatopoeia, and Simile.